Nerve growth factor promotes breast cancer angiogenesis by activating multiple pathways.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Although several anti-angiogenic therapies have been approved in the treatment of cancer, the survival benefits of such therapies are relatively modest. Discovering new molecules and/or better understating signaling pathways of angiogenesis is therefore essential for therapeutic improvements. The objective of the present study was to determine the involvement of nerve growth factor (NGF) in breast cancer angiogenesis and the underlying molecular mechanisms. RESULTS: We showed that both recombinant NGF and NGF produced by breast cancer cells stimulated angiogenesis in Matrigel plugs in immunodeficient mice. NGF strongly increased invasion, cord formation and the monolayer permeability of endothelial cells. Moreover, NGF-stimulated invasion was under the control of its tyrosine kinase receptor (TrkA) and downstream signaling pathways such as PI3K and ERK, leading to the activation of matrix metalloprotease 2 and nitric oxide synthase. Interestingly, NGF increased the secretion of VEGF in both endothelial and breast cancer cells. Inhibition of VEGF, with a neutralizing antibody, reduced about half of NGF-induced endothelial cell invasion and angiogenesis in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provided direct evidence that NGF could be an important stimulator for breast cancer angiogenesis. Thus, NGF, as well as the activated signaling pathways, should be regarded as potential new targets for anti-angiogenic therapy against breast cancer.
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Molecular Cancer, BioMed Central, 2010, 9 (1), pp.157. 〈10.1186/1476-4598-9-157〉
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Rodrigue Romon, Eric Adriaenssens, Chann Lagadec, Emmanuelle Germain, Hubert Hondermarck, et al.. Nerve growth factor promotes breast cancer angiogenesis by activating multiple pathways.. Molecular Cancer, BioMed Central, 2010, 9 (1), pp.157. 〈10.1186/1476-4598-9-157〉. 〈inserm-00663736〉

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