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Analysis of machine perfusion benefits in kidney grafts: a preclinical study

Abstract : Background
Machine perfusion (MP) has potential benefits for marginal organs such as from deceased from cardiac death donors (DCD). However, there is still no consensus on MP benefits. We aimed to determine machine perfusion benefits on kidney grafts.
Methods
We evaluated kidney grafts preserved in ViaspanUW or KPS solutions either by CS or MP, in a DCD pig model (60 min warm ischemia + 24 h hypothermic preservation). Endpoints were: function recovery, quality of function during follow up (3 month), inflammation, fibrosis, animal survival.
Results
ViaspanUW-CS animals did not recover function, while in other groups early follow up showed similar values for kidney function. Alanine peptidase and β-NAG activities in the urine were higher in CS than in MP groups. Oxydative stress was lower in KPS-MP animals. Histology was improved by MP over CS. Survival was 0% in ViaspanUW-CS and 60% in other groups. Chronic inflammation, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and fibrosis were lowest in KPS-MP, followed by KPS-CS and ViaspanUW-MP.
Conclusions
With ViaspanUW, effects of MP are obvious as only MP kidney recovered function and allowed survival. With KPS, the benefits of MP over CS are not directly obvious in the early follow up period and only histological analysis, urinary tubular enzymes and red/ox status was discriminating. Chronic follow-up was more conclusive, with a clear superiority of MP over CS, independently of the solution used. KPS was proven superior to ViaspanUW in each preservation method in terms of function and outcome. In our pre-clinical animal model of DCD transplantation, MP offers critical benefits.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 27, 2012 - 2:06:05 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:41:36 PM
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Nader Vaziri, Raphaël Thuillier, Frederic Favreau, Michel Eugene, Serge Milin, et al.. Analysis of machine perfusion benefits in kidney grafts: a preclinical study. Journal of Translational Medicine, BioMed Central, 2011, 9 (1), pp.15. ⟨10.1186/1479-5876-9-15⟩. ⟨inserm-00663684⟩

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