Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Accuracy and precision of end expiratory lung volume measurements by automated nitrogen washout/washin technique in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Abstract : ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: End-expiratory lung volume (EELV) is decreased in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and bedside EELV measurement may help to set positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). Nitrogen washout/washin for EELV measurement is available at the bedside, but assessment of accuracy and precision in real life conditions are scant. Our purpose was to 1) assess EELV measurement precision in ARDS patients at two PEEP levels (three pairs of measurements), and 2) to compare the changes (Delta) induced by PEEP for total EELV with the PEEP-induced changes in lung volume above functional residual capacity measured by passive spirometry (DeltaPEEP-volume). The minimal predicted increase in lung volume was calculated from compliance at low PEEP and DeltaPEEP to ensure the validity of lung volume changes. METHODS: 34 patients with ARDS were prospectively included in five university-hospital intensive care units. DeltaEELV and DeltaPEEP-volume were compared between 6 and 15 cmH2O of PEEP. RESULTS: After exclusion of three patients, variability of the nitrogen technique was less than 4% and the largest difference between measurements was 81+/-64 ml. DeltaEELV and DeltaPEEP-volume were only weakly correlated (r2=0.47); 95% confidence interval limits -414 to 608 mL). In four patients with the highest PEEP ([greater than or equal to]16cmH2O), DeltaEELV was lower than the minimal predicted increase in lung volume, suggesting flawed measurements possibly due to leaks. Excluding those from the analysis markedly strengthened the correlation between DeltaEELV and DeltaPEEP-volume (r2=0.80). CONCLUSION: In most patients, the EELV technique has good reproducibility and accuracy even at high PEEP. At high pressuresit accuracy may be limited in case of leaks. The minimal predicted increase in lung volume may help to check for accuracy.
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [32 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00660290
Contributor : Ed. Bmc <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 16, 2012 - 1:09:53 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 19, 2020 - 11:18:04 AM

Files

cc10587.pdf
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Identifiers

Citation

Jean Dellamonica, Nicolas Lerolle, Cyril Sargentini, Gaetan Beduneau, Fabiano Di Marco, et al.. Accuracy and precision of end expiratory lung volume measurements by automated nitrogen washout/washin technique in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome.. Critical Care, BioMed Central, 2011, 15 (6), pp.R294. ⟨10.1186/cc10587⟩. ⟨inserm-00660290⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

704

Files downloads

670