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Adaptation to statins restricts human tumour growth in Nude mice.

Abstract : ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Statins have long been used as anti-hypercholesterolemia drugs, but numerous lines of evidence suggest that they may also bear anti-tumour potential. We have recently demonstrated that it was possible to isolate cancer cells adapted to growth in the continuous presence of lovastatin. These cells grew more slowly than the statin-sensitive cells of origin. In the present study, we compared the ability of both statin-sensitive and statin-resistant cells to give rise to tumours in Nude mice. METHODS: HGT-1 human gastric cancer cells and L50 statin-resistant derivatives were injected subcutaneously into Nude mice and tumour growth was recorded. At the end of the experiment, tumours were recovered and marker proteins were analyzed by western blotting, RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: L50 tumours grew more slowly, showed a strong decrease in cyclin B1, over-expressed collagen IV, and had reduced laminin 332, VEGF and CD34 levels, which, collectively, may have restricted cell division, cell adhesion and neoangiogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, these results showed that statin-resistant cells developed into smaller tumours than statin-sensitive cells. This may be reflective of the cancer restricting activity of statins in humans, as suggested from several retrospective studies with subjects undergoing statin therapy for several years.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 10, 2012 - 1:08:06 PM
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Julie Follet, Lionel Rémy, Vincent Hesry, Brigitte Simon, Danièle Gillet, et al.. Adaptation to statins restricts human tumour growth in Nude mice.. BMC Cancer, BioMed Central, 2011, 11 (1), pp.491. ⟨10.1186/1471-2407-11-491⟩. ⟨inserm-00658366⟩

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