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Automated delineation of white matter fiber tracts with a multiple region-of-interest approach.

Ralph O. Suarez 1, * Olivier Commowick 2 Sanjay P. Prabhu 1 Simon K. K. Warfield 1 
* Corresponding author
2 VisAGeS - Vision, Action et Gestion d'informations en Santé
INSERM - Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale : U746, Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique , IRISA-D5 - SIGNAUX ET IMAGES NUMÉRIQUES, ROBOTIQUE
Abstract : White matter fiber bundles of the brain can be delineated by tractography utilizing multiple regions-of-interest (MROI) defined by anatomical landmarks. These MROI can be used to specify regions in which to seed, select, or reject tractography fibers. Manual identification of anatomical MROI enables the delineation of white matter fiber bundles, but requires considerable training to develop expertise, considerable time to carry out and suffers from unwanted inter- and intra-rater variability. In a study of 20 healthy volunteers, we compared three methodologies for automated delineation of the white matter fiber bundles. Using these methodologies, fiber bundle MROI for each volunteer was automatically generated. We assessed three strategies for inferring the automatic MROI utilizing nonrigid alignment of reference images and projection of template MROI. We assessed the bundle delineation error associated with alignment utilizing T1-weighted MRI, fractional anisotropy images, and full tensor images. We confirmed the smallest delineation error was achieved using the full tensor images. We then assessed three projection strategies for automatic determination of MROI in each volunteer. Quantitative comparisons were made using the root-mean-squared error observed between streamline density images constructed from fiber bundles identified automatically and by manually drawn MROI in the same subjects. We demonstrate that a multiple template consensus label fusion algorithm generated fiber bundles most consistent with the manual reference standard.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 9, 2012 - 9:31:09 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 10:14:39 AM

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Ralph O. Suarez, Olivier Commowick, Sanjay P. Prabhu, Simon K. K. Warfield. Automated delineation of white matter fiber tracts with a multiple region-of-interest approach.. NeuroImage, Elsevier, 2012, 59 (4), pp.3690-3700. ⟨10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.11.043⟩. ⟨inserm-00657707⟩



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