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Human immunodeficiency virus infects human seminal vesicles in vitro and in vivo.

Abstract : Semen represents the main vector of HIV dissemination worldwide, yet the origin of HIV in semen remains unclear. Viral populations distinct from those found in blood have been observed in semen, indicating local viral replication within the male genital tract. The seminal vesicles, the secretions of which constitute more than 60% of the seminal fluid, could represent a major source of virus in semen. This study is the first to investigate the susceptibility of human seminal vesicles to HIV infection both in vitro and in vivo. We developed and characterized an organotypic culture of human seminal vesicles to test for target cells and HIV infection, and, in parallel, analyzed the seminal vesicle tissues from HIV-infected donors. In vitro, in contrast to HIV-1 X4, HIV-1 R5 exposure induced productive infection. Infected cells consisted primarily of resident CD163(+) macrophages, often located close to the lumen. In vivo, HIV protein and RNA were also detected primarily in seminal vesicle macrophages in seven of nine HIV-infected donors, some of whom were receiving prolonged suppressive highly active antiretroviral therapy. These results demonstrate that human seminal vesicles support HIV infection in vitro and in vivo and, therefore, have the potential to contribute virus to semen. The presence of infected cells in the seminal vesicles of treated men with undetectable viremia suggests that this organ could constitute a reservoir for HIV.
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Contributor : Hervé De Villemeur Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, September 26, 2011 - 2:46:54 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 30, 2022 - 2:34:49 PM

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Claire Deleage, Marina Moreau, Nathalie Rioux-Leclercq, Annick Ruffault, Bernard Jégou, et al.. Human immunodeficiency virus infects human seminal vesicles in vitro and in vivo.. American Journal of Pathology, American Society for Investigative Pathology, 2011, 179 (5), pp.2397-408. ⟨10.1016/j.ajpath.2011.08.005⟩. ⟨inserm-00626549⟩



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