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Native human adipose stromal cells: localization, morphology and phenotype.

Abstract : Objectives:Beside having roles in energy homeostasis and endocrine modulation, adipose tissue (AT) is now considered a promising source of mesenchymal stromal cells (adipose-derived stromal cells or ASCs) for regenerative medicine. Despite numerous studies on cultured ASCs, native human ASCs are rarely investigated. Indeed, the phenotype of ASCs in their native state, their localization within AT and comparison with bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) has been poorly investigated.Design:To address these issues, the stroma vascular fraction (SVF) of human AT was extracted and native cell subtypes were isolated by immunoselection to study their clonogenic potential in culture. Immunohistology on samples of human AT in combination with reconstruction of confocal sections were performed in order to localize ASCs.Results:Compared with BM-MNCs, all native ASCs were found in the CD34(+) cell fraction of the AT-SVF. Native ASCs expressed classical mesenchymal markers described for BM-MSCs. Interestingly, CD34 expression decreased during ASC cell culture and was negatively correlated with cell proliferation rate. Immunohistological analysis revealed that native ASCs exhibited specific morphological features with protrusions. They were found scattered in AT stroma and did not express in vivo pericytic markers such as NG2, CD140b or alpha-smooth muscle actin, which appeared during the culture process. Finally, ASCs spontaneous commitment to adipocytic lineage was enhanced in AT from obese humans.Conclusions:The use of complementary methodological approaches to study native human ASCs revealed their immunophenotype, their specific morphology, their location within AT and their stemness. Furthermore, our data strongly suggest that human ASCs participate in adipogenesis during AT development.International Journal of Obesity advance online publication, 25 January 2011; doi:10.1038/ijo.2010.269.
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Contributor : Marie Francoise Simon Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, August 30, 2011 - 10:02:12 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 1, 2022 - 4:38:08 AM

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Marie Maumus, Julie-Anne Peyrafitte, Romina d'Angelo, Chantal Fournier-Wirth, Anne Bouloumié, et al.. Native human adipose stromal cells: localization, morphology and phenotype.. International Journal of Obesity, Nature Publishing Group, 2011, epub ahead of print. ⟨10.1038/ijo.2010.269⟩. ⟨inserm-00617658⟩



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