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Genotypic prediction of HIV-1 subtype D tropism.

Abstract : UNLABELLED: ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: HIV-1 subtype D infections have been associated with rapid disease progression and phenotypic assays have shown that CXCR4-using viruses are very prevalent. Recent studies indicate that the genotypic algorithms used routinely to assess HIV-1 tropism may lack accuracy for non-B subtypes. Little is known about the genotypic determinants of HIV-1 subtype D tropism. RESULTS: We determined the HIV-1 coreceptor usage for 32 patients infected with subtype D by both a recombinant virus phenotypic entry assay and V3-loop sequencing to determine the correlation between them. The sensitivity of the Geno2pheno10 genotypic algorithm was 75% and that of the combined 11/25 and net charge rule was 100% for predicting subtype D CXCR4 usage, but their specificities were poor (54% and 68%). We have identified subtype D determinants in the V3 region associated with CXCR4 use and built a new simple genotypic rule for optimizing the genotypic prediction of HIV-1 subtype D tropism. We validated this algorithm using an independent GenBank data set of 67 subtype D V3 sequences of viruses of known phenotype. The subtype D genotypic algorithm was 68% sensitive and 95% specific for predicting X4 viruses in this data set, approaching the performance of genotypic prediction of HIV-1 subtype B tropism. CONCLUSION: The genotypic determinants of HIV-1 subtype D coreceptor usage are slightly different from those for subtype B viruses. Genotypic predictions based on a subtype D-specific algorithm appear to be preferable for characterizing coreceptor usage in epidemiological and pathophysiological studies.
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Submitted on : Saturday, July 30, 2011 - 1:00:50 PM
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Stéphanie Raymond, Pierre Delobel, Marie-Laure Chaix, Michelle Cazabat, Stéphanie Encinas, et al.. Genotypic prediction of HIV-1 subtype D tropism.. Retrovirology, BioMed Central, 2011, 8 (1), pp.56. ⟨10.1186/1742-4690-8-56⟩. ⟨inserm-00612724⟩

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