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Aromatase is expressed and active in the rainbow trout oocyte during final oocyte maturation.

Abstract : While it is generally well accepted that the ovarian follicular sites of estradiol-17β (E2) synthesis are restricted to somatic cells, the possible contribution of the germinal compartment has received little or no attention in teleosts. In order to demonstrate the expression of ovarian aromatase in the oocyte, cyp19a1a mRNA was studied in ovarian follicles by in situ hybridization. In addition, the expression of cyp19a1a was studied in both somatic and germinal compartments of the ovarian follicle in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) during final oocyte maturation (i.e., maturational competence acquisition and subsequent meiosis resumption) by real-time PCR. The enzymatic activity of ovarian aromatase was also studied in both somatic and germinal compartments of the ovarian follicle. Finally, E2 levels were monitored in follicle-enclosed oocytes throughout the pre-ovulatory period. We were able to demonstrate a significant ovarian aromatase expression and activity in the late vitellogenic oocyte. Furthermore, a dramatic decrease in aromatase expression and activity occurs in the oocyte during late oogenesis, concomitantly with the trend observed in surrounding follicular layers. We also report an unexpected increase of E2 levels in the oocyte during the pre-ovulatory period. To our knowledge, these observations are reported for the first time in any teleost species. Together, our data support the hypothesis of the participation of the germinal compartment in follicular estrogen synthesis and a biological role of E2 during oocyte and/or early embryo development.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00604822
Contributor : Hervé de Villemeur <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 29, 2011 - 4:42:09 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 8:42:02 PM

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Maella Gohin, Pascal Bodinier, Alexis Fostier, Franck Chesnel, Julien Bobe. Aromatase is expressed and active in the rainbow trout oocyte during final oocyte maturation.. Molecular Reproduction and Development, Wiley, 2011, 78 (7), pp.510-8. ⟨10.1002/mrd.21335⟩. ⟨inserm-00604822⟩

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