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Mesenchymal stem cell-based therapies in regenerative medicine: applications in rheumatology.

Abstract : ABSTRACT: Growing knowledge on the biology of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has provided new insights into their potential clinical applications, particularly for rheumatologic disorders. Historically, their potential to differentiate into cells of the bone and cartilage lineages has led to a variety of experimental strategies to investigate whether MSCs can be used for tissue engineering approaches. Beyond this potential, MSCs also display immunosuppressive properties, which have prompted research on their capacity to suppress local inflammation and tissue damage in a variety of inflammatory autoimmune diseases and, in particular, in rheumatoid arthritis. Currently, an emerging field of research comes from the possibility that these cells, through their trophic/regenerative potential, may also influence the course of chronic degenerative disorders and prevent cartilage degradation in osteoarthritis. This review focuses on these advances, specifically on the biological properties of MSCs, including their immunoregulatory characteristics, differentiation capacity and trophic potential, as well as the relevance of MSC-based therapies for rheumatic diseases.
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Contributor : Danièle Noël Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 12, 2011 - 9:17:21 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 15, 2022 - 9:39:07 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, July 13, 2011 - 2:29:35 AM


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Marie Maumus, David Guérit, Karine Toupet, Christian Jorgensen, Danièle Noël. Mesenchymal stem cell-based therapies in regenerative medicine: applications in rheumatology.. Stem Cell Research and Therapy, BioMed Central, 2011, 2 (2), pp.14. ⟨10.1186/scrt55⟩. ⟨inserm-00585188⟩



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