S. Moussavi, S. Chatterji, E. Verdes, A. Tandon, V. Patel et al., Depression, chronic diseases, and decrements in health: results from the World Health Surveys, The Lancet, vol.370, issue.9590, pp.851-858, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61415-9

C. Mathers, D. Loncar, C. Michaud, C. Murray, and B. Bloom, Projections of global mortality and burden of disease from Burden of disease--implications for future research, PLoS Med Jama Feb, vol.3285, issue.75, pp.442-3535, 2001.

D. Zheng, C. Macera, J. Croft, W. Giles, D. Davis et al., Major depression and all-cause mortality among white adults in the United States, Annals of Epidemiology, vol.7, issue.3, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S1047-2797(97)00014-8

M. Abas, M. Hotopf, and M. Prince, Depression and mortality in a high-risk population. 11- Year follow-up of the Medical Research Council Elderly Hypertension Trial, Br J Psychiatry, vol.181, pp.123-128, 2002.

P. Surtees, N. Wainwright, R. Luben, N. Wareham, S. Bingham et al., Depression and Ischemic Heart Disease Mortality: Evidence From the EPIC-Norfolk United Kingdom Prospective Cohort Study, American Journal of Psychiatry, vol.165, issue.4, pp.515-523, 2008.
DOI : 10.1176/appi.ajp.2007.07061018

DOI : 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a113046

P. Greenland, M. Daviglus, and A. Dyer, Resting heart rate is a risk factor for cardiovascular and noncardiovascular mortality: the Chicago Heart Association Detection Project in Industry Heart rate and cardiovascular mortality: the Framingham Study, Am J Epidemiol Am Heart J, vol.149113, issue.116, pp.853-8621489, 1987.

X. Jouven, J. Empana, P. Schwartz, M. Desnos, D. Courbon et al., Heart-Rate Profile during Exercise as a Predictor of Sudden Death, New England Journal of Medicine, vol.352, issue.19, pp.1951-1958, 2005.
DOI : 10.1056/NEJMoa043012

R. Carney, K. Freedland, R. Veith, R. Veith, N. Lewis et al., Depression, the autonomic nervous system, and coronary heart disease Sympathetic nervous system activity in major depression. Basal and desipramine-induced alterations in plasma norepinephrine kinetics Major depression, heart rate, and plasma norepinephrine in patients with coronary heart disease, Psychosom Med Arch Gen Psychiatry Biol Psychiatry Feb, vol.675145, issue.154, pp.29-33411, 1994.

R. Carney, K. Freedland, P. Stein, J. Skala, P. Hoffman et al., Change in heart rate and heart rate variability during treatment for depression in patients with coronary heart disease Cardiac regulation and depression Autonomic correlates of depression and clinical improvement following electroconvulsive shock therapy, Psychosom Med J Psychiatr Res Psychophysiology, vol.6221, issue.51, pp.639-6471, 1977.

R. Wyatt, B. Portnoy, D. Kupfer, F. Snyder, and K. Engelman, Resting Plasma Catecholamine Concentrations in Patients With Depression and Anxiety, Archives of General Psychiatry, vol.24, issue.1, pp.65-70, 1971.
DOI : 10.1001/archpsyc.1971.01750070067009

L. Radloff, C. The, V. Fuster, L. Ryden, and R. Asinger, The CES-D Scale: A Self-Report Depression Scale for Research in the General Population, Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines and Policy Conferences (Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Atrial Fibrillation): developed in Collaboration With the North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology, pp.385-407, 1977.
DOI : 10.1177/014662167700100306

G. Rose and N. Y. Albany, Cardiovascular survey methods Geneva: World Health Organization WHO Publications Centre USA [distributor]; 1982. 24. Gutzwiller F. Monitoring of cardiovascular disease and risk factor trends: experiences from the WHO/MONICA project, Annals of medicine Feb, vol.26, issue.1, pp.61-65, 1994.

K. E. Rothman, M. Ferreri, L. Bonelli, and A. Capasso, Planning of a screening programme for cervical cancer in Liguria and evaluation of the attitude of the female population towards cancer detection, Eur J Epidemiol, vol.9, issue.1, pp.10-16, 1993.

T. Andersson, L. Alfredsson, H. Kallberg, S. Zdravkovic, and A. Ahlbom, Calculating measures of biological interaction Hosmer DW, Lemeshow S. Confidence interval estimation of interaction, Eur J Epidemiol Epidemiology, vol.203, issue.285, pp.575-579452, 1992.

G. Alexopoulos, A. Nicholson, H. Kuper, H. Hemingway, N. Frasure-smith et al., Depression in the elderly Depression as an aetiologic and prognostic factor in coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis of 6362 events among 146 538 participants in 54 observational studies Depression following myocardial infarction. Impact on 6-month survival Treatment of depression in patients with diabetes mellitus, Lancet Eur Heart J Jama J Clin Psychiatry, vol.3652727056, issue.324, pp.1961-19702763, 1993.

J. Myers, M. Prakash, V. Froelicher, D. Do, S. Partington et al., Exercise Capacity and Mortality among Men Referred for Exercise Testing, New England Journal of Medicine, vol.346, issue.11, pp.793-801, 2002.
DOI : 10.1056/NEJMoa011858

P. Schwartz, The autonomic nervous system and sudden death, Eur Heart J, 1998.

L. Murray, C. Cardwell, G. Smith, and P. Mccarron, Secular trends in heart rate in young adults: analyses of cross sectional studies, Heart, vol.1992, issue.4, pp.468-473, 1949.

M. Hollenberg, T. Haight, I. Tager, A. Grippo, A. Johnson et al., Depression decreases cardiorespiratory fitness in older women Biological mechanisms in the relationship between depression and heart disease Heart rate variability measurements and the prediction of ventricular arrhythmias, J Clin Epidemiol Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews Qjm Feb, vol.562698, issue.392, pp.1111-1117941, 2002.

M. Moser, M. Lehofer, and R. Hoehn-saric, Increased heart rate in depressed subjects in spite of unchanged autonomic balance?, Journal of Affective Disorders, vol.48, issue.2-3, pp.115-124, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0165-0327(97)00164-X

R. Carney, R. Saunders, K. Freedland, P. Stein, M. Rich et al., Association of depression witk reduced heart rate variability in coronary artery disease, The American Journal of Cardiology, vol.76, issue.8, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/S0002-9149(99)80155-6

R. Carney, K. Freedland, G. Miller, and A. Jaffe, Depression as a risk factor for cardiac mortality and morbidity, Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol.53, issue.4, pp.562-564, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-3999(02)00311-2

H. Tsuji, F. Venditti, J. Manders, and E. , Reduced heart rate variability and mortality risk in an elderly cohort. The Framingham Heart Study, Circulation, vol.90, issue.2, pp.878-883, 1994.
DOI : 10.1161/01.CIR.90.2.878

H. Tsuji, M. Larson, F. Venditti, and . Jr, Impact of reduced heart rate variability on risk for cardiac events. The Framingham Heart Study The association of resting heart rate with cardiovascular, cancer and all-cause mortality. Eight year follow-up of 3527 male Israeli employees (the CORDIS Study), Circulation Eur Heart J, vol.9421, issue.452, pp.2850-2855116, 1996.