Association between collagen cross-links and trabecular microarchitecture properties of human vertebral bone.

Abstract : It has been suggested that age-related deterioration in trabecular microarchitecture and changes in collagen cross-link concentrations may contribute to skeletal fragility. To further explore this hypothesis, we determined the relationships among trabecular bone volume fraction (BV/TV), microarchitecture, collagen cross-link content, and bone turnover in human vertebral trabecular bone. Trabecular bone specimens from L2 vertebrae were collected from 51 recently deceased donors (54-95 years of age; 20 men and 30 women). Trabecular bone volume and microarchitecture was assessed by microCT and bone formation, reflected by osteoid surface (OS/BS, %), was measured by 2D histomorphometry. Pyridinoline (PYD), deoxypyridinoline (DPD), pentosidine (PEN) and collagen content in the cancellous bone were analysed by high-performance liquid chromatography. Associations between variables were investigated by Pearson correlations and multiple regression models, which were constructed with BV/TV and collagen cross-links as explanatory variables and microarchitecture parameters as the dependent variables. RESULTS: Microarchitecture parameters were modestly to strongly correlated with BV/TV (r(2)=0.10-0.71). The amount of mature enzymatic PYD and DPD cross-links were not associated with the microarchitecture, either before or after adjustment for BV/TV. However, there was a positive correlation between PEN content and trabecular number (r=0.45, p=0.001) and connectivity density (r=0.40, p=0.004), and a negative correlation between PEN content and trabecular separation (r=-0.29, p=0.04). In the multiple regression models including BV/TV, age and PEN content was still significantly associated with several of the microarchitecture variables. In summary, this study suggests a link between trabecular microarchitecture and the collagen cross-link profile. As PEN reflects non-enzymatic glycation of collagen and generally increases with bone age, the association between PEN and trabecular architecture suggests that the preserved trabeculae may contain mainly old bone and have undergone little remodeling. Thus, vertebral fragility may not only be due to alterations in bone architecture but also to modification of collagen cross-link patterns thereby influencing bone's mechanical behavior.
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Stéphanie Viguet-Carrin, Hélène Follet, Evelyne Gineyts, Jean-Paul Roux, Françoise Munoz, et al.. Association between collagen cross-links and trabecular microarchitecture properties of human vertebral bone.. BONE, Elsevier, 2010, 46 (2), pp.342-7. 〈10.1016/j.bone.2009.10.001〉. 〈inserm-00557216〉

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