Construction and assessment of a 3-T MRI brain template.

Florent Lalys 1, * Claire Haegelen 1, 2 Jean-Christophe Ferré 1, 3 Omar El-Ganaoui 1 Pierre Jannin 1
* Corresponding author
1 VisAGeS - Vision, Action et Gestion d'informations en Santé
INSERM - Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale : U746, Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique , IRISA-D5 - SIGNAUX ET IMAGES NUMÉRIQUES, ROBOTIQUE
Abstract : New MR imaging protocols enable visualization of brain structures. However, for dedicated clinical applications such as targeting deep brain stimulation (DBS), a more accurate localization requires the use of atlases. We developed a three-dimensional digitized mono-subject anatomical template of the human brain based on 3-T magnetic resonance images (MRI). By averaging 15 registered T1 image acquisitions, we have shown that the final image corresponds to an optimal image, limited by the performance of the 3-T MR machine. We compared different preprocessing workflows for template construction. With the optimal strategy, along with validated existing processing methods, one T1 template and one T1-T2 mixing template were created in order to improve visualization of spatially complex deep structures. Reduction of voxel size to 0.25 mm(3) was also advantageous to observe fine structures and white matter/gray matter intensity crossings. Results demonstrated that such a template also improved inter-patient registration for population comparison in DBS. These MR templates are made freely available to our community (http://www.vmip.org/mritemplate) to serve as a reference for neuroimage processing methods.
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Florent Lalys, Claire Haegelen, Jean-Christophe Ferré, Omar El-Ganaoui, Pierre Jannin. Construction and assessment of a 3-T MRI brain template.. NeuroImage, Elsevier, 2010, 49 (1), pp.345-54. ⟨10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.08.007⟩. ⟨inserm-00546487⟩

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