Incidence of ischaemic stroke according to income level among older people: the 3C study.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: stroke has been shown to follow a social gradient with incidence rising as socioeconomic status decreases. OBJECTIVE: to examine the relationship between socioeconomic status and ischaemic stroke risk amongst older people. SETTING: the Cities of Bordeaux, Dijon and Montpellier in France. Subjects and methods: nine thousand and two hundred and ninety-four non-institutionalised persons aged 65 years or more followed for 6 years. RESULTS: the distribution of cardiovascular risks factors was consistent with the classical finding of more favourable risk profiles among the advantaged socioeconomic groups. One hundred and thirty-six individuals developed a first ever ischaemic stroke (incidence rate: 3.2 per 1,000 py (person-years), 95% CI 2.7-3.8). The age- and sex-adjusted incidence of ischaemic stroke increased with increasing level of income (from 2.4 to 4.1 per 1,000 py, P = 0.04). In the multivariable analysis adjusting for cardiovascular risk factors, the higher income group displayed a 80% increased risk of ischaemic stroke compared with less wealthy participants (hazards ratio 1.77, 95% CI 1.20-2.61). CONCLUSIONS: in this community-based sample of older individuals, a higher level of household income was associated with a higher risk of ischaemic stroke, a reversal of the social gradient usually reported in younger age groups. Selective survival is one of the potential explanations for this unexpected finding.
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Age and Ageing, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2011, 40 (1), pp.116-21. 〈10.1093/ageing/afq142〉
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Olivier Grimaud, Carole Dufouil, Annick Alpérovitch, Fernando Pico, Karen Ritchie, et al.. Incidence of ischaemic stroke according to income level among older people: the 3C study.. Age and Ageing, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2011, 40 (1), pp.116-21. 〈10.1093/ageing/afq142〉. 〈inserm-00544031〉

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