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Proteomics of M-phase entry: 'Omen' vs. 'Omre', the battle for oocyte quality and beyond.

Abstract : The understanding of cell cycle regulation benefited greatly from omic approaches. Because the cell cycle engine relies heavily on proteins, proteomic methods play a key role in identification of cell cycle players. The proteomic approach delivers an enormous volume of data, but it often lacks comprehensiveness. To ensure the comprehensiveness of results the discovery of novel proteins must be followed by functional analysis. Using Xenopus laevis oocytes in two different proteomic screens, we have recently identified a number of proteins whose behavior suggested specific and unexpected roles in M-phase entry. Functional analysis of EP45 identified in one of these screens has shown that M-phase entry is stimulated by Oocyte-Maturation-ENhancer ('Omen') activity. The second screen suggests the presence of an antagonistic activity, which we call 'Omre' (Oocyte- -Maturation-REpressor). The equilibrium between Omen and Omre activities may determine the quality of oocytes and further embryo development via participation in making the decision whether to enter oocyte maturation. It remains an open question whether similar activities operate during mitotic divisions in embryonic and adult cells. Identifying such activities in somatic cells might impact on cancer treatments.
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Jacek Kubiak. Proteomics of M-phase entry: 'Omen' vs. 'Omre', the battle for oocyte quality and beyond.. Folia histochemica et cytobiologica / Polish Academy of Sciences, Polish Histochemical and Cytochemical Society, 2011, 49 (1), pp.1-7. ⟨10.5603/FHC.2011.0001⟩. ⟨inserm-00541235⟩

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