The advantage of errorless learning for the acquisition of new concepts' labels in alcoholics. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Psychological Medicine Year : 2010

The advantage of errorless learning for the acquisition of new concepts' labels in alcoholics.

(1) , (2) , (1, 3) , (1) , (1) , (1)
1
2
3

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Previous findings revealed that the acquisition of new semantic concepts' labels was impaired in uncomplicated alcoholic patients. The use of errorless learning may therefore allow them to improve learning performance. However, the flexibility of the new knowledge and the memory processes involved in errorless learning remain unclear. METHOD: New concepts' labels acquisition was examined in 15 alcoholic patients and 15 control participants in an errorless learning condition compared with 19 alcoholic patients and 19 control subjects in a trial-and-error learning condition. The flexibility of the new information was evaluated using different photographs from those used in the learning sessions but representing the same concepts. All of the participants carried out an additional explicit memory task and an implicit memory task was also performed by subjects in the errorless learning condition. RESULTS: The alcoholic group in the errorless condition differed significantly from the alcoholic group in the trial-and-error condition but did not differ from the two control groups. There was no significant difference between results in the learning test and the flexibility task. Finally, in the alcoholic group, the naming score in the learning test was correlated with the explicit memory score but not with the implicit memory score. CONCLUSIONS: Using errorless learning, alcoholics improved their abilities to learn new concepts' labels. Moreover, new knowledge acquired with errorless learning was flexible. The errorless learning advantage may rely on explicit rather than implicit memory processes in these alcohol-dependent patients presenting only mild to moderate deficits of explicit memory capacities.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Table_1.pdf (14.13 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Vignette du fichier
inserm-00538485_edited.pdf (189.68 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Vignette du fichier
Psychological_Medicine_Pitel_resubmission.pdf (170 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)

Dates and versions

inserm-00538485 , version 1 (22-11-2010)

Identifiers

Cite

Anne-Lise Pitel, Pierre Perruchet, François Vabret, Béatrice Desgranges, Francis Eustache, et al.. The advantage of errorless learning for the acquisition of new concepts' labels in alcoholics.: Errorless learning in alcoholics. Psychological Medicine, 2010, 40 (3), pp.497-502. ⟨10.1017/S0033291709990626⟩. ⟨inserm-00538485⟩
81 View
497 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More