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Bone status in a mouse model of genetic hemochromatosis.

Abstract : UNLABELLED: Genetic hemochromatosis is a cause of osteoporosis; mechanisms leading to iron-related bone loss are not fully characterized. We assessed the bone phenotype of HFE (-/-) male mice, a mouse model of hemochromatosis. They had a phenotype of osteoporosis with low bone mass and alteration of the bone microarchitecture. INTRODUCTION: Genetic hemochromatosis is a cause of osteoporosis. However, the mechanisms leading to iron-related bone loss are not fully characterized. Recent human data have not supported the hypothesis of hypogonadism involvement. The direct role of iron on bone metabolism has been suggested. METHODS: Our aim was to assess the bone phenotype of HFE (-/-) male mice, a mouse model of human hemochromatosis, by using microcomputed tomography and histomorphometry. HFE (-/-) animals were sacrificed at 6 and 12 months and compared to controls. RESULTS: There was a significant increase in hepatic iron concentration and bone iron content in HFE (-/-) mice. No detectable Perls' staining was found in the controls' trabeculae. Trabecular bone volume (BV/TV) was significantly lower in HFE (-/-) mice at 6 and 12 months compared to the corresponding wild-type mice: 9.88 ± 0.82% vs 12.82 ± 0.61% (p = 0.009) and 7.18 ± 0.68% vs 10.4 ± 0.86% (p = 0.015), respectively. In addition, there was an impairment of the bone microarchitecture in HFE (-/-) mice. Finally, we found a significant increase in the osteoclast number in HFE (-/-) mice: 382.5 ± 36.75 vs 273.4 ± 20.95 ¢/mm(2) (p = 0.004) at 6 months and 363.6 ± 22.35 vs 230.8 ± 18.7 ¢/mm(2) (p = 0.001) at 12 months in HFE (-/-) mice vs controls. CONCLUSION: Our data show that HFE (-/-) male mice develop a phenotype of osteoporosis with low bone mass and alteration of the microarchitecture. They suggest that there is a relationship between bone iron overload and the increase of the osteoclast number in these mice. These findings are in accordance with clinical observations in humans exhibiting genetic hemochromatosis and support a role of excess iron in relation to genetic hemochromatosis in the development of osteoporosis in humans.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00532966
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 4, 2010 - 6:15:36 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 1, 2020 - 11:32:01 AM

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Pascal Guggenbuhl, Patricia Fergelot, Mathilde Doyard, Hélène Libouban, Marie-Paule Roth, et al.. Bone status in a mouse model of genetic hemochromatosis.. Osteoporosis International, Springer Verlag, 2011, 22 (8), pp.2313-9. ⟨10.1007/s00198-010-1456-2⟩. ⟨inserm-00532966⟩

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