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Mitotic expression of Spo13 alters M-phase progression and nucleolar localization of Cdc14 in budding yeast.

Abstract : Spo13 is a key meiosis-specific regulator required for centromere cohesion and coorientation, and for progression through two nuclear divisions. We previously reported that it causes a G2/M arrest and may delay the transition from late anaphase to G1, when overexpressed in mitosis. Yet its mechanism of action has remained elusive. Here we show that Spo13, which is phosphorylated and stabilized at G2/M in a Cdk/Clb-dependent manner, acts at two stages during mitotic cell division. Spo13 provokes a G2/M arrest that is reversible and largely independent of the Mad2 spindle checkpoint. Since mRNAs whose induction requires Cdc14 activation are reduced, we propose that its anaphase delay results from inhibition of Cdc14 function. Indeed, the Spo13-induced anaphase delay correlates with Cdc14 phosphatase retention in the nucleolus and with cyclin B accumulation, which both impede anaphase exit. At the onset of arrest, Spo13 is primarily associated with the nucleolus, where Cdc14 accumulates. Significantly, overexpression of separase (Esp1), which promotes G2/M and anaphase progression, suppresses Spo13 effects in mitosis, arguing that Spo13 acts upstream or parallel to Esp1. Given that Spo13 overexpression reduces Pds1 and cyclin B degradation, our findings are consistent with a role for Spo13 in regulating APC, which controls both G2/M and anaphase. Similar effects of Spo13 during meiotic MI may prevent cell cycle exit and initiation of DNA replication prior to MII, thereby ensuring two successive chromosome segregation events without an intervening S phase.
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Contributor : Christine Forgeron Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, September 16, 2010 - 4:08:59 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 30, 2022 - 2:35:14 PM

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Elisa Varela, Ulrich Schlecht, Anca Moina, James D. Fackenthal, Brian K. Washburn, et al.. Mitotic expression of Spo13 alters M-phase progression and nucleolar localization of Cdc14 in budding yeast.. Genetics, Genetics Society of America, 2010, 185 (3), pp.841-54. ⟨10.1534/genetics.109.113746⟩. ⟨inserm-00518165⟩



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