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Loss of ATM positively regulates the expression of hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) through oxidative stress: Role in the physiopathology of the disease.

Abstract : Ataxia Telangiectasia (AT) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a wide variety of progressive clinical symptoms. This includes neuronal degeneration, oculocutaneous telangiectasias, diabetes mellitus, immunodeficiency, increased risk of cancer and sensitivity to ionizing radiation. The gene mutated in this disease, ATM (Ataxia Telangiectasia Mutated), encodes a protein kinase involved in DNA double strand breaks signalling and repair. ATM deficient cells also display an increase in oxidative stress, by poorly characterized mechanism(s), which clearly contributes to the neurodegenerative aspect of the disease. Despite these advances, the occurrence of the vascular abnormalities, glucose intolerance and insulin resistance remains poorly understood. In different cellular models where ATM expression was disrupted, we demonstrated that the absence of ATM leads to an increased expression of both subunits of the transcription factor Hypoxia Inducible Factor 1 (HIF-1). We also observed enhanced trans-activating functions of HIF-1. HIF-1 is the central regulator of responses to hypoxia which induces the transcription of genes involved in angiogenesis (e.g., VEGF-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor) and cellular metabolism (e.g., GLUT-1). Interestingly, we demonstrated that ATM disruption positively regulates both expression and function of the basal glucose transporter GLUT-1 as well as the proangiogenic factor, VEGF. In addition, our results suggest that the absence of ATM increases HIF-1 proteins biosynthesis, and this effect is dependant on the oxidative stress existing in ATM deficient cells. Our compelling results highlight a new link between ATM deficiency and the clinical features of the disease and provide a molecular link between ATM downregulation and the increase in tumor angiogenesis observed in human breast cancers.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00511892
Contributor : Marie Francoise Simon <>
Submitted on : Thursday, August 26, 2010 - 3:23:41 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 10, 2020 - 9:09:10 PM

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  • HAL Id : inserm-00511892, version 1
  • PUBMED : 20676049

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Marielle Ousset, Fanny Bouquet, Frédérique Fallone, Denis Biard, Cédric Dray, et al.. Loss of ATM positively regulates the expression of hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) through oxidative stress: Role in the physiopathology of the disease.. Cell Cycle, Taylor & Francis, 2010, 9 (14), pp.2814-22. ⟨inserm-00511892⟩

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