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An APCI LC-MS/MS method for routine determination of capecitabine and its metabolites in human plasma.

Abstract : The anticancer drug capecitabine and its metabolites [including the active metabolite 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)] display high pharmacokinetic inter-patient variability. Such variability, which may lead to treatment failure or toxicity, could need drug concentration measurement to individualize dosing regimen. However, usual assay methods are often long and fastidious. A simultaneous and cost-effective method was thus developed for the determination of the concentrations of these compounds in human plasma. Compounds were extracted via a classic liquid-liquid extraction. Chromatographic analysis was performed on a C18 reverse phase column with detection by atmosphere pressure chemical ionization LC-MS/MS. Our method allows a good chromatographic separation of the compounds and was fully validated following Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommendations (good selectivity, no carry-over, linearity of the calibration curves without weighting, deviations from nominal concentrations of standard samples lower than 15%, intra- and inter-assay precision and accuracy lower than 15%). Recovery and stability were also acceptable following the FDA guidelines. A matrix effect impairing the determination of 5-FU was avoided by using a stable isotopic derivative of 5-FU as internal standard. Interestingly, this method allows detection of TetraHydroUridine, an inhibitor of ex vivo degradation of metabolites, which is essential for the stability, the adequate conditioning of blood samples and for good laboratory practice, essential in routine determination. This method seems usable to routinely determine concentrations of capecitabine and its metabolites in blood and may be helpful in further studies aiming at performing therapeutic drug monitoring.
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Contributor : Philippe Saas Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, August 2, 2010 - 2:37:43 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 14, 2022 - 3:08:14 AM

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Damien Montange, Michel Bérard, Martin Demarchi, Patrice Muret, Sarah Piédoux, et al.. An APCI LC-MS/MS method for routine determination of capecitabine and its metabolites in human plasma.. Journal of Mass Spectrometry, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010, 45 (6), pp.670-7. ⟨10.1002/jms.1759⟩. ⟨inserm-00508032⟩



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