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Disruption of CK2beta in embryonic neural stem cells compromises proliferation and oligodendrogenesis in the mouse telencephalon.

Abstract : Genetic programs that govern neural stem/progenitor cell (NSC) proliferation and differentiation are dependent on extracellular cues and a network of transcription factors, which can be regulated posttranslationally by phosphorylation. However, little is known about the kinase-dependent pathways regulating NSC maintenance and oligodendrocyte development. We used a conditional knockout approach to target the murine regulatory subunit (beta) of protein kinase casein kinase 2 (CK2beta) in embryonic neural progenitors. Loss of CK2beta leads to defects in proliferation and differentiation of embryonic NSCs. We establish CK2beta as a key positive regulator for the development of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs), both in vivo and in vitro. We show that CK2beta directly interacts with the basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor Olig2, a critical modulator of OPC development, and activates the CK2-dependent phosphorylation of its serine-threonine-rich (STR) domain. Finally, we reveal that the CK2-targeted STR domain is required for the oligodendroglial function of Olig2. These findings suggest that CK2 may control oligodendrogenesis, in part, by regulating the activity of the lineage-specific transcription factor Olig2. Thus, CK2beta appears to play an essential and uncompensated role in central nervous system development.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00497708
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 16, 2010 - 10:50:55 AM
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Emmanuelle Huillard, Léa Ziercher, Olivier Blond, Michael Wong, Jean-Christophe Deloulme, et al.. Disruption of CK2beta in embryonic neural stem cells compromises proliferation and oligodendrogenesis in the mouse telencephalon.. Molecular and Cellular Biology, American Society for Microbiology, 2010, 30 (11), pp.2737-49. ⟨10.1128/MCB.01566-09⟩. ⟨inserm-00497708⟩

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