J. Altman and S. Bayer, Prolonged sojourn of developing pyramidal cells in the intermediate zone of the hippocampus and their settling in the stratum pyramidale, The Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol.181, issue.3, pp.343-364, 1990.
DOI : 10.1002/cne.903010303

S. Bayer, Development of the hippocampal region in the rat I. Neurogenesis examined with3H-thymidine autoradiography, The Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol.142, issue.1, pp.87-114, 1980.
DOI : 10.1002/cne.901900107

Y. Ben-ari, E. Cherubini, R. Corradetti, and J. Gaiarsa, Giant synaptic potentials in immature rat CA3 hippocampal neurones., The Journal of Physiology, vol.416, issue.1, pp.303-325, 1989.
DOI : 10.1113/jphysiol.1989.sp017762

Y. Ben-ari, R. Leinekugel, X. , O. Gaiarsa, and J. , GABAA, NMDA and AMPA receptors: a developmentally regulated 'm??nage ?? trois', Trends in Neurosciences, vol.20, issue.11, pp.523-529, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0166-2236(97)01147-8

M. Blanton and A. Kriegstein, Properties of amino acid neurotransmitter receptors of embryonic cortical neurons when activated by exogenous and endogenous agonists, J Neurophysiol, vol.67, pp.1185-1200, 1992.

G. Chen and P. Trombley, GABA receptors precede glutamate receptors in hypothalamic development; differential regulation by astrocytes, Van Den Pol AN J Neurophysiol, vol.74, pp.1473-1483, 1995.

E. Cherubini, J. Gaiarsa, and Y. Ben-ari, GABA: an excitatory transmitter in early postnatal life, Trends in Neurosciences, vol.14, issue.12, pp.515-519, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0166-2236(91)90003-D

S. Dupuy and C. Houser, Prominent expression of two forms of glutamate decarboxylase in the embryonic and early postnatal rat hippocampal formation, J Neurosci, vol.16, pp.6919-6932, 1996.

G. Durand, Y. Kovalchuk, and A. Konnerth, Long-term potentiation and functional synapse induction in developing hippocampus, Nature, vol.381, issue.6577, pp.71-75, 1996.
DOI : 10.1038/381071a0

C. Essrich, M. Lorez, J. Benson, and J. Fritschy, Postsynaptic clustering of major GABAA receptor subtypes requires the ??2 subunit and gephyrin, Nature Neuroscience, vol.6, issue.7, pp.563-571, 1998.
DOI : 10.1038/2798

J. Gaiarsa, H. Mclean, P. Congar, X. Leinekugel, R. Tseeb et al., Postnatal maturation of gamma-aminobutyric acidA and B-mediated inhibition in the CA3 hippocampal region of the rat, Journal of Neurobiology, vol.6, issue.3, pp.339-349, 1995.
DOI : 10.1002/neu.480260306

O. Garaschuk, E. Hanse, and A. Konnerth, Developmental profile and synaptic origin of early network oscillations in the CA1 region of rat neonatal hippocampus, The Journal of Physiology, vol.257, issue.1, pp.219-236, 1998.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1469-7793.1998.219bu.x

O. Hamill, M. A. Neher, E. Sakmann, and B. , Improved patch-clamp techniques for high-resolution current recording from cells and cell-free membrane patches, Pfl??gers Archiv - European Journal of Physiology, vol.12, issue.2, pp.85-100, 1981.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00656997

Y. Hosokawa, M. Sciancalepore, F. Stratta, M. Martina, and E. Cherubini, -mediated Synaptic Events in Rat Hippocampal CA3 Neurons, European Journal of Neuroscience, vol.444, issue.5, pp.805-813, 1994.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1460-9568.1994.tb00991.x

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00001915

A. Hsia, R. Malenka, and R. A. Nicoll, Development of excitatory circuitry in the hippocampus, J Neurophysiol, vol.79, pp.2013-2024, 1998.

J. Isaac, M. Crair, R. A. Nicoll, and R. Malenka, Silent Synapses during Development of Thalamocortical Inputs, Neuron, vol.18, issue.2, pp.269-280, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0896-6273(00)80267-6

R. Khazipov, X. Leinekugel, I. Gaiarsa, J. Ben-ari, and Y. , Synchronization of GABAergic interneuronal network in CA3 subfield of neonatal rat hippocampal slices., The Journal of Physiology, vol.498, issue.3, pp.763-772, 1997.
DOI : 10.1113/jphysiol.1997.sp021900

I. Killisch, C. Dotti, D. Laurie, H. Seeburg, and P. , Expression patterns of GABAA receptor subtypes in developing hippocampal neurons, Neuron, vol.7, issue.6, pp.927-936, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0896-6273(91)90338-Z

S. Kirov and K. Harris, Slices have more synapses than perf usionfixed hippocampus from both young and mature rats, J Neurosci, vol.19, pp.2876-2886, 1999.

A. Kossel, C. Williams, M. Schweizer, and S. Kater, Afferent innervation influences the development of dendritic branches and spines via both activity-dependent and non-activity-dependent mechanisms, J Neurosci, vol.17, pp.6314-6324, 1997.

X. Leinekugel, I. Medina, I. Ben-ari, and Y. , Ca2+ Oscillations Mediated by the Synergistic Excitatory Actions of GABAA and NMDA Receptors in the Neonatal Hippocampus, Neuron, vol.18, issue.2, pp.243-255, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0896-6273(00)80265-2

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00522468

D. Liao, X. Zhang, O. Brien, R. Ehlers, M. Huganir et al., Regulation of morphological postsynaptic silent synapses in developing hippocampal neurons, Nature, vol.2, pp.37-43, 1999.

Y. Liu, P. Lio, J. Pasternak, and B. Trommer, Developmental changes in membrane properties and postsynaptic currents of granule cells in rat dentate gyrus, J Neurophysiol, vol.76, pp.1074-1088, 1996.

L. Ot-urco, J. Owens, D. Heath, M. Davis, M. Kriegstein et al., GABA and glutamate depolarize cortical progenitor cells and inhibit DNA synthesis, Neuron, vol.15, pp.1287-1298, 1995.

R. Malenka and R. A. Nicoll, Silent Synapses Speak Up, Neuron, vol.19, issue.3, pp.473-476, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0896-6273(00)80362-1

URL : http://doi.org/10.1016/s0896-6273(00)80362-1

M. Marin-padilla, Ontogenesis of the pyramidal cell of the mammalian neocortex and developmental cytoarchitectonics: A unifying theory, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol.108, issue.5, pp.223-240, 1992.
DOI : 10.1002/cne.903210205

A. Martinez, S. Alcantara, V. Borrell, R. Del, J. Blasi et al., TrkB and TrkC signaling are required for maturation and synaptogenesis of hippocampal connections, J Neurosci, vol.18, pp.7336-7350, 1998.

D. Owens, L. H. Boyce, M. Davis, and A. Kriegstein, Excitatory GABA responses in embryonic and neonatal cortical slices demonstrated by gramicidin perforated-patch recordings and calcium imaging, J Neurosci, vol.16, pp.6414-6423, 1996.

R. Petralia, J. Esteban, Y. Wang, J. Partridge, H. Hao et al., Selective acquisition of AM PA receptors over postnatal development suggests a molecular basis for silent synapses, Nature, vol.2, pp.31-36, 1999.

I. Rajan, Glutamate receptor activity is required for normal development of tectal cell dendrites in vivo, J Neurosci, vol.18, pp.7836-7846, 1998.

A. Rao, E. Sheng, M. Craig, and A. , Heterogeneity in the molecular composition of excitatory postsynaptic sites during development of hippocampal neurons in culture, J Neurosci, vol.18, pp.1217-1229, 1998.

C. Rivera, J. Voipio, J. Payne, E. Ruusuvuori, H. Lahtinen et al., The K /C l co-transporter KCC2 renders GABA hyperpolarizing during neuronal maturation, Nature, vol.397, pp.251-255, 1999.

F. Rozenberg, O. Robain, L. Jardin, and Y. Ben-ari, Distribution of GABAergic neurons in late fetal and early postnatal rat hippocampus, Developmental Brain Research, vol.50, issue.2, pp.177-187, 1989.
DOI : 10.1016/0165-3806(89)90193-4

R. Serafini, W. Ma, D. Maric, I. Maric, F. Lahjouji et al., ion channels exhibit heterogeneous channel properties, European Journal of Neuroscience, vol.9, issue.4, pp.1771-1783, 1998.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1460-9568.1998.00187.x

E. Soriano, A. Cobas, and A. Fairen, Neurogenesis of glutamic acid decarboxylase immunoreactive cells in the hippocampus of the mouse. I: Regio superior and regio inferior, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol.18, issue.4, pp.586-602, 1989.
DOI : 10.1002/cne.902810408

H. Super and E. Soriano, The organization of the embryonic and early postnatal murine hippocampus, II. Development of entorhinal, commissural , and septal connections studied with the lipophilic tracer DiI, 1994.

H. Super, A. Martinez, R. Del, and E. Soriano, Involvement of distinct pioneer neurons in the formation of layer-specific connections in the hippocampus, J Neurosci, vol.18, pp.4616-4626, 1998.

C. Vicario-abejon, C. C. Mckay, R. Segal, and M. , Neurotrophins induce formation of f unctional excitatory and inhibitory synapses between cultured hippocampal neurons, J Neurosci, vol.18, pp.7256-7271, 1998.

M. K. Walton, A. Schaffner, and J. Barker, Sodium channels, GABA A receptors, and glutamate receptors develop sequentially on embryonic rat spinal cord cells, J Neurosci, pp.2068-2084, 1993.

G. Wu and R. Malinow, Maturation of a Central Glutamatergic Synapse, Science, vol.274, issue.5289, pp.972-976, 1996.
DOI : 10.1126/science.274.5289.972

Z. , N. Smith, and S. , Evidence for a role of dendritic filopodia in synaptogenesis and spine formation, Neuron, vol.17, pp.91-102, 1996.