Diagnosis and management of adult female stress urinary incontinence: guidelines for clinical practice from the French College of Gynaecologists and Obstetricians. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology Year : 2010

Diagnosis and management of adult female stress urinary incontinence: guidelines for clinical practice from the French College of Gynaecologists and Obstetricians.

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François Haab
  • Function : Author
N. Michel

Abstract

Urinary incontinence is a frequent affliction in women and may be disabling and costly {LE1}. When consulting for urinary incontinence, it is recommended that circumstances, frequency and severity of leaks be specified {Grade B}. The cough test is recommended prior to surgery {Grade C}. Urodynamic investigations are not needed before lower urinary tract rehabilitation {Grade B}. A complete urodynamic investigation is recommended prior to surgery for urinary incontinence {Grade C}. In cases of pure stress urinary incontinence, urodynamic investigations are not essential prior to surgery provided the clinical assessment is fully comprehensive (standardised questionnaire, cough test, bladder diary, post-void residual volume) with concordant results {PC}. It is recommended to start treatment for stress incontinence with pelvic floor muscle training {Grade C}. Bladder training is recommended at first intention in cases with overactive bladder syndrome {Grade C}. For overweight patients, loss of weight improves stress incontinence {LE1}. For surgery, sub-urethral tape (retropubic or transobturator route) is the first-line recommended technique {Grade B}. Sub-urethral tape surgery involves intraoperative risks, postoperative risks and a risk of failure which must be the subject of prior information {Grade A}. Elective caesarean section and systematic episiotomy are not recommended methods of prevention for urinary incontinence {Grade B}. Pelvic floor muscle training is the treatment of first intention for pre- and postnatal urinary incontinence {Grade A}. Prior to any treatment for an elderly woman, it is recommended to screen for urinary infection using a test strip, ask for a bladder diary and measure post-void residual volume {Grade C}. It is recommended to carry out a cough test and look for occult incontinence prior to surgery for pelvic organ prolapse {Grade C}. It is recommended to carry out urodynamic investigations prior to pelvic organ prolapse surgery when there are urinary symptoms or occult urinary incontinence {Grade C}.
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Dates and versions

inserm-00486407 , version 1 (25-05-2010)

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Xavier Fritel, Arnaud Fauconnier, Georges Bader, Michel Cosson, Philippe Debodinance, et al.. Diagnosis and management of adult female stress urinary incontinence: guidelines for clinical practice from the French College of Gynaecologists and Obstetricians.. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 2010, 151 (1), pp.14-9. ⟨10.1016/j.ejogrb.2010.02.041⟩. ⟨inserm-00486407⟩
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