Morphology of CA3 non-pyramidal cells in the developing rat hippocampus.

Abstract : Although several investigations have shown that the local GABAergic circuit in the rat hippocampus is functional very early in development, this result has not been yet completed by the investigation of the full dendritic and axonal arborization of the neonatal interneurones. In the present study, intracellular injection of biocytin was used to assess the branching pattern of interneurones in the hippocampal CA3 region of rat between 2 and 6 days of age. Based on their dendritic morphology, the biocytin-filled interneurones were divided into four classes: bipolar, stellate, pyramidal-like and fusiform interneurones. About half of the biocytin-filled neonatal interneurones exhibited dendritic or somatic filopodial processes. The axonal arbors of the filled-interneurones were widely spread into the CA3 region, and in four out of nine cases extended beyond the CA3 region to branch into the CA1 region. These results show that, despite immature features, the filopodial processes, the hippocampal interneurones are well developed early in development at a time when their target cells, the pyramidal neurones, are still developing. These observations are consistent with a trophic role that GABA may play early in development.
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Developmental Brain Research, Elsevier, 2001, 127 (2), pp.157-64
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Jean-Luc Gaïarsa, Ilgam Khalilov, Henri Gozlan, Yehezkel Ben-Ari. Morphology of CA3 non-pyramidal cells in the developing rat hippocampus.. Developmental Brain Research, Elsevier, 2001, 127 (2), pp.157-64. 〈inserm-00484912〉

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