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Natural killer cell IFN-gamma levels predict long-term survival with imatinib mesylate therapy in gastrointestinal stromal tumor-bearing patients.

Abstract : Clinical outcomes of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST)-bearing patients treated with imatinib mesylate (IM) are variable. Other than the site of mutation within the c-kit gene, prognostic features of GIST remain undefined. IM can exhibit off-target effects such as triggering natural killer (NK) cell activity. We addressed whether NK cell functions could predict long term survival with IM. NK cell functions were followed up in 77 GIST patients enrolled onto two phase III trials. "Immunologic responders" were defined as patients whose NK cell IFN-gamma values after 2 months of IM were higher than or equal to the baseline value at entry into the trial. The prognostic effect of IFN-gamma on progression-free survival was assessed by a Wald test in a Cox regression analysis using the landmark method and stratified by trial and on the c-kit mutational status. Fifty-six patients were evaluable for the NK cell IFN-gamma responses at baseline and 2 months. Their median follow-up for progression-free survival was 3.7 years. Thirty-four of 56 patients were immunologic responders to IM. In the Cox regression analysis, immunologic responders possessed a hazard ratio of progression or death equal to 0.29 (95% confidence interval, 0.12-0.70; P = 0.006) compared with nonresponders. Kaplan-Meier 2-year survival estimates were 85% for immunologic responders and 50% for nonresponders. Moreover, the immunologic response added prognostic value to the c-kit mutation. The NK cell IFN-gamma production after 2 months of treatment could be considered an independent predictor of long term survival in advanced GISTs treated with IM.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00484764
Contributor : Philippe Saas <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 19, 2010 - 9:53:00 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 4:56:59 PM

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Cédric Ménard, Jean-Yves Blay, Christophe Borg, Stefan Michiels, François Ghiringhelli, et al.. Natural killer cell IFN-gamma levels predict long-term survival with imatinib mesylate therapy in gastrointestinal stromal tumor-bearing patients.. Cancer Research, American Association for Cancer Research, 2009, 69 (8), pp.3563-9. ⟨10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-08-3807⟩. ⟨inserm-00484764⟩

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