M. Avoli, Epilepsy The View at Fifty Years, GABA in the Nervous System, pp.193-216, 2000.

Y. Ben-ari, Excitatory actions of gaba during development: the nature of the nurture, Nature Reviews Neuroscience, vol.3, issue.9, pp.728-739, 2002.
DOI : 10.1038/nrn920

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00484852

Y. Ben-ari and M. Gho, Long-lasting modification of the synaptic properties of rat CA3 hippocampal neurones induced by kainic acid., The Journal of Physiology, vol.404, issue.1, pp.365-384, 1988.
DOI : 10.1113/jphysiol.1988.sp017294

Y. Ben-ari and A. Represa, Brief seizure episodes induce long-term potentiation and mossy fibre sprouting in the hippocampus, Trends in Neurosciences, vol.13, issue.8, pp.312-318, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0166-2236(90)90135-W

Y. Ben-ari, R. Khazipov, X. Leinekugel, O. Caillard, and J. L. Gaiarsa, GABAA, NMDA and AMPA receptors: a developmentally regulated 'mé nage a ` trois'. Trends Neurosci, pp.523-529, 1997.

Y. Ben-ari, I. Khalilov, A. Represa, and H. Gozlan, Interneurons set the tune of developing networks, Trends in Neurosciences, vol.27, issue.7, pp.422-427, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tins.2004.05.002

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00484646

C. Borck, J. , and J. G. , Seizure-like events in disinhibited ventral slices of adult rat hippocampus, J. Neurophysiol, vol.82, pp.2130-2142, 1999.

E. Bracci, M. Vreugdemhil, S. P. Hack, J. , and J. G. , On the synchronizing mechanisms of tetanically induced hippocampal oscillations, J. Neurosci, vol.19, pp.8104-8113, 1999.

A. Bragin, G. Jando, Z. Nadasdy, J. Hetke, K. Wise et al., Gamma (40?100 Hz) oscillation in the hippocampus of the behaving rat, J. Neurosci, vol.15, pp.47-60, 1995.

A. Bragin, J. Engel, C. L. Wilson, E. Vizentin, and G. W. Mathern, Electrophysiologic Analysis of a Chronic Seizure Model After Unilateral Hippocampal KA Injection, Epilepsia, vol.15, issue.9, pp.1210-1221, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0920-1211(98)00063-1

A. Bragin, I. Mody, C. L. Wilson, and J. Engel, Local generation of fast ripples in epileptic brain, J. Neurosci, vol.22, pp.2012-2021, 2002.

G. Buzsaki and A. Draguhn, Neuronal Oscillations in Cortical Networks, Science, vol.304, issue.5679, pp.1926-1929, 2004.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1099745

I. Cohen, V. Navarro, S. Clemenceau, M. Baulac, M. et al., On the Origin of Interictal Activity in Human Temporal Lobe Epilepsy in Vitro, Science, vol.298, issue.5597, pp.1418-1421, 2002.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1076510

J. Csicsvari, B. Jamieson, K. D. Wise, and G. Buzsaki, Mechanisms of Gamma Oscillations in the Hippocampus of the Behaving Rat, Neuron, vol.37, issue.2, pp.311-322, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0896-6273(02)01169-8

A. Draguhn, R. D. Traub, D. Schmitz, J. , and J. G. , Electrical coupling underlies high-frequency oscillations in the hippocampus in vitro, Nature, vol.391, issue.6689, pp.189-192, 1998.
DOI : 10.1038/28184

V. I. Dzhala and K. J. Staley, Excitatory actions of endogenously released GABA contribute to initiation of ictal epileptiform activity in the developing hippocampus, J. Neurosci, vol.23, pp.1840-1846, 2003.

V. I. Dzhala and K. J. Staley, Mechanisms of Fast Ripples in the Hippocampus, Journal of Neuroscience, vol.24, issue.40, pp.8896-8906, 2004.
DOI : 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3112-04.2004

A. Fisahn, Kainate receptors and rhythmic activity in neuronal networks: hippocampal gamma oscillations as a tool, The Journal of Physiology, vol.13, issue.1, pp.65-72, 2005.
DOI : 10.1113/jphysiol.2004.077388

A. Fisahn, F. G. Pike, E. H. Buhl, and O. Paulsen, Cholinergic induction of network oscillations at 40???Hz in the hippocampus in vitro, Nature, vol.243, issue.6689, pp.186-189, 1998.
DOI : 10.1038/28179

A. Fisahn, A. Contractor, R. D. Traub, E. H. Buhl, S. F. Heinemann et al., Distinct Roles for the Kainate Receptor Subunits GluR5 and GluR6 in Kainate-Induced Hippocampal Gamma Oscillations, Journal of Neuroscience, vol.24, issue.43, pp.9658-9668, 2004.
DOI : 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2973-04.2004

R. S. Fisher, W. R. Webber, R. P. Lesser, S. Arroyo, and S. Uematsu, High-frequency EEG activity at the start of seizures, J. Clin. Neurophysiol, vol.9, pp.441-448, 1992.

Y. Fujiwara-tsukamoto, Y. Isomura, A. Nambu, and M. Takada, Excitatory gaba input directly drives seizure-like rhythmic synchronization in mature hippocampal CA1 pyramidal cells, Neuroscience, vol.119, issue.1, pp.265-275, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0306-4522(03)00102-7

T. Fukuda and T. Kosaka, Gap junctions linking the dendritic network of GABAergic interneurons in the hippocampus, J. Neurosci, vol.20, pp.1519-1528, 2000.

X. B. Gao, G. Chen, and A. N. Van-den-pol, GABA-dependent firing of glutamate-evoked action potentials at AMPA/kainate receptors in developing hypothalamic neurons, J. Neurophysiol, vol.79, pp.716-726, 1998.

W. R. Gowers, Epilepsy and Other Chronic Convulsive Diseases: Their Causes, Symptoms and Treatment, 1901.

H. Gozlan, B. Ari, and Y. , Interneurons are the Source and the Targets of the First Synapses Formed in the Rat Developing Hippocampal Circuit, Cerebral Cortex, vol.13, issue.6, pp.684-692, 2003.
DOI : 10.1093/cercor/13.6.684

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00484793

F. Grenier, I. Timofeev, and M. Steriade, Neocortical Very Fast Oscillations (Ripples, 80-200 Hz) During Seizures: Intracellular Correlates, Journal of Neurophysiology, vol.89, issue.2, pp.841-852, 2003.
DOI : 10.1152/jn.00420.2002

G. L. Holmes and Y. Ben-ari, Seizures in the Developing Brain, Neuron, vol.21, issue.6, pp.1231-1234, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0896-6273(00)80642-X

G. L. Holmes, B. J. Albala, M. , and S. L. , Effect of a Single Brief Seizure on Subsequent Seizure Susceptibility in the Immature Rat, Archives of Neurology, vol.41, issue.8, pp.853-855, 1984.
DOI : 10.1001/archneur.1984.04050190059014

S. G. Hormuzdi, I. Pais, F. E. Lebeau, S. K. Towers, A. Rozov et al., Impaired Electrical Signaling Disrupts Gamma Frequency Oscillations in Connexin 36-Deficient Mice, Neuron, vol.31, issue.3, pp.487-495, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0896-6273(01)00387-7

S. Muraki, J. Yamada, and A. Fukuda, Synaptically activated Cl-accumulation responsible for depolarizing GABAergic responses in mature hippocampal neurons, J. Neurophysiol, vol.90, pp.2752-2756, 2003.

S. Karnup and A. Stelzer, Seizure-like activity in the disinhibited CA1 minislice of adult guinea-pigs, The Journal of Physiology, vol.44, issue.3, pp.713-730, 2001.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1469-7793.2001.0713e.x

I. Khalilov, M. Esclapez, I. Medina, D. Aggoun, K. Lamsa et al., A Novel In Vitro Preparation: the Intact Hippocampal Formation, Neuron, vol.19, issue.4, pp.743-749, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0896-6273(00)80956-3

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00522462

I. Khalilov, V. Dzhala, I. Medina, X. Leinekugel, Z. Melyan et al., Maturation of kainate-induced epileptiform activities in interconnected intact neonatal limbic structures in vitro, European Journal of Neuroscience, vol.14, issue.10, pp.3468-3480, 1999.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1460-9568.1999.00768.x

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00486291

I. Khalilov, V. Dzhala, Y. Ben-ari, and R. Khazipov, Dual Role of GABA in the Neonatal Rat Hippocampus, Developmental Neuroscience, vol.21, issue.3-5, pp.310-319, 1999.
DOI : 10.1159/000017380

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00486267

I. Khalilov, G. L. Holmes, and Y. Ben-ari, In vitro formation of a secondary epileptogenic mirror focus by interhippocampal propagation of seizures, Nature Neuroscience, vol.6, issue.10, pp.1079-1085, 2003.
DOI : 10.1038/nn1125

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00484787

R. Khazipov, L. Desfreres, I. Khalilov, and Y. Ben-ari, Threeindependent-compartment chamber to study in vitro commissural synapses, J. Neurophysiol, vol.81, pp.921-924, 1999.

R. Khazipov, M. Esclapez, O. Caillard, C. Bernard, I. Khalilov et al., Early development of neuronal activity in the primate hippocampus in utero, J. Neurosci, vol.21, pp.9770-9781, 2001.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00484885

R. Kö-hling, M. Vreugdenhil, E. Bracci, J. , and J. G. , Ictal epileptiform activity is facilitated by GABAA receptor-mediated oscillations, J. Neurosci, vol.20, pp.6820-6829, 2000.

X. Leinekugel, I. Medina, I. Khalilov, Y. Ben-ari, and R. Khazipov, Ca2+ Oscillations Mediated by the Synergistic Excitatory Actions of GABAA and NMDA Receptors in the Neonatal Hippocampus, Neuron, vol.18, issue.2, pp.243-255, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0896-6273(00)80265-2

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00522468

N. Maier, V. Nimmrich, and A. Draguhn, Cellular and Network Mechanisms Underlying Spontaneous Sharp Wave-Ripple Complexes in Mouse Hippocampal Slices, The Journal of Physiology, vol.15, issue.suppl. 1, pp.873-887, 2003.
DOI : 10.1113/jphysiol.2003.044602

R. C. Malenka and R. A. Nicoll, NMDA-receptor-dependent synaptic plasticity: multiple forms and mechanisms, Trends in Neurosciences, vol.16, issue.12, pp.521-527, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/0166-2236(93)90197-T

P. P. Quilichini, D. Diabira, C. Chiron, Y. Ben-ari, and H. Gozlan, in intact immature brain structures, European Journal of Neuroscience, vol.35, issue.5, pp.850-860, 2002.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1460-9568.2002.02143.x

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00484869

C. Rivera, J. Voipio, J. Thomas-crusells, H. Li, Z. Emri et al., Mechanism of Activity-Dependent Downregulation of the Neuron-Specific K-Cl Cotransporter KCC2, Journal of Neuroscience, vol.24, issue.19, pp.4683-4691, 2004.
DOI : 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5265-03.2004

C. Rivera, J. Voipio, K. , and K. , cotransporter KCC2 and carbonic anhydrase CAVII, The Journal of Physiology, vol.444, issue.Suppl, pp.27-36, 2005.
DOI : 10.1113/jphysiol.2004.077495

E. Ruusuvuori, H. Li, K. Huttu, J. M. Palva, S. Smirnov et al., Carbonic Anhydrase Isoform VII Acts as a Molecular Switch in the Development of Synchronous Gamma-Frequency Firing of Hippocampal CA1 Pyramidal Cells, Journal of Neuroscience, vol.24, issue.11, pp.2699-2707, 2004.
DOI : 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5176-03.2004

P. Somogyi and T. Klausberger, Defined types of cortical interneurone structure space and spike timing in the hippocampus, The Journal of Physiology, vol.441, issue.1, pp.9-26, 2005.
DOI : 10.1113/jphysiol.2004.078915

S. F. Stasheff, W. W. Anderson, S. Clark, W. , and W. A. , NMDA antagonists differentiate epileptogenesis from seizure expression in an in vitro model, Science, vol.245, issue.4918, pp.648-651, 1989.
DOI : 10.1126/science.2569762

M. Steriade, I. Timofeev, N. Durmuller, and F. Grenier, Dynamic properties of corticothalamic neurons and local cortical interneurons generating fast rhythmic (30?40 Hz) spike bursts, J. Neurophysiol, vol.79, pp.483-490, 1998.

N. V. Thakor and S. Tong, Advances in Quantitative Electroencephalogram Analysis Methods, Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering, vol.6, issue.1, pp.453-495, 2004.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.bioeng.5.040202.121601

R. D. Traub, M. A. Whittington, I. M. Stanford, J. , and J. G. , A mechanism for generation of long-range synchronous fast oscillations in the cortex, Nature, vol.383, issue.6601, pp.621-624, 1996.
DOI : 10.1038/383621a0

R. D. Traub, N. Spruston, I. Soltesz, A. Konnerth, M. A. Whittington et al., Gamma-frequency oscillations: a neuronal population phenomenon, regulated by synaptic and intrinsic cellular processes, and inducing synaptic plasticity, Progress in Neurobiology, vol.55, issue.6, pp.563-575, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0301-0082(98)00020-3

R. D. Traub, M. A. Whittington, E. H. Buhl, F. Lebeau, A. Bibbig et al., A possible role for Gap junctions in generation of very fast EEG oscillations preceding the onset of, and perhaps initiating, seizures, Epilepsia, vol.42, pp.153-170, 2001.

R. D. Traub, I. Pais, A. Bibbig, F. E. Lebeau, E. H. Buhl et al., Transient Depression of Excitatory Synapses on Interneurons Contributes to Epileptiform Bursts During Gamma Oscillations in the Mouse Hippocampal Slice, Journal of Neurophysiology, vol.94, issue.2, pp.1225-1235, 2005.
DOI : 10.1152/jn.00069.2005

E. Tremblay, L. Nitecka, M. L. Berger, and Y. Ben-ari, Maturation of kainic acid seizure-brain damage syndrome in the rat. i. clinical, electrographic and metabolic observations, Neuroscience, vol.13, issue.4, pp.1051-1072, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/0306-4522(84)90288-4

R. Tyzio, A. Ivanov, C. Bernard, G. L. Holmes, Y. Ben-ari et al., Membrane Potential of CA3 Hippocampal Pyramidal Cells During Postnatal Development, Journal of Neurophysiology, vol.90, issue.5, pp.2964-2972, 2003.
DOI : 10.1152/jn.00172.2003

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00484799

J. L. Velazquez, C. , and P. L. , Synchronization of GABAergic interneuronal networks during seizure-like activity in the rat horizontal hippocampal slice, European Journal of Neuroscience, vol.18, issue.5, pp.4110-4118, 1999.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1460-9568.1999.00837.x

M. A. Whittington and R. D. Traub, Interneuron Diversity series: Inhibitory interneurons and network oscillations in vitro, Trends in Neurosciences, vol.26, issue.12, pp.676-682, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tins.2003.09.016

M. A. Whittington, R. D. Traub, J. , and J. G. , Synchronized oscillations in interneuron networks driven by metabotropic glutamate receptor activation, Nature, vol.373, issue.6515, pp.612-615, 1995.
DOI : 10.1038/373612a0

M. A. Whittington, R. D. Traub, H. J. Faulkner, I. M. Stanford, J. et al., Recurrent excitatory postsynaptic potentials induced by synchronized fast cortical oscillations, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, pp.12198-12203, 1997.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.94.22.12198

G. A. Worrell, L. Parish, S. D. Cranstoun, R. Jonas, G. Baltuch et al., High-frequency oscillations and seizure generation in neocortical epilepsy, Brain, vol.127, issue.7, pp.1496-1506, 2004.
DOI : 10.1093/brain/awh149