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Influence of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) gene promoter polymorphism -765 on graft loss after renal transplantation.

Abstract : A G-->C polymorphism has been identified in the human cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) gene promoter at position -765 with C allele leading to a decreased promoter activity with low prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production. PGE2 has strong immunomodulatory properties that could influence graft survival. We studied the association between this polymorphism and allograft failure in two independent cohorts of renal transplant recipients (RTRs) including a total of 603 patients. The functional effect of COX-2 gene promoter polymorphism was analyzed by measuring serum levels of PGE2. Median follow-up was 8.7 and 7.9 years for the first and second cohort, respectively. Analysis of 603 patients identified 20 CC (3.3%), 179 GC (29.7%) and 404 GG (67%) carriers. Patients with the GG genotype had significantly higher serum PGE2 concentrations than patients with the C allele. Carriers with a C allele have an independent increased risk of graft loss (hazard ratio (HR) 2.43 [95% CI 1.19-4.97], p = 0.015 for cohort 1; HR 1.72 [95% CI 0.99-3.77], p = 0.051 for cohort 2) compared to GG patients. COX-2 gene promoter polymorphism at position -765 (G-->C) is associated with a higher rate of graft loss in RTRs. Such findings may be used to influence immunosuppressive strategies and optimize patient management.
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Contributor : Philippe Saas Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 18, 2010 - 11:33:41 AM
Last modification on : Friday, January 14, 2022 - 3:08:19 AM

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Cécile Courivaud, Jamal Bamoulid, Alexandre Loupy, Marina Deschamps, Christophe Ferrand, et al.. Influence of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) gene promoter polymorphism -765 on graft loss after renal transplantation.. American Journal of Transplantation, Wiley, 2009, 9 (12), pp.2752-7. ⟨10.1111/j.1600-6143.2009.02830.x⟩. ⟨inserm-00484282⟩



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