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Interneurons targeting similar layers receive synaptic inputs with similar kinetics.

Abstract : GABAergic interneurons play diverse and important roles in controlling neuronal network dynamics. They are characterized by an extreme heterogeneity morphologically, neurochemically, and physiologically, but a functionally relevant classification is still lacking. Present taxonomy is essentially based on their postsynaptic targets, but a physiological counterpart to this classification has not yet been determined. Using a quantitative analysis based on multidimensional clustering of morphological and physiological variables, we now demonstrate a strong correlation between the kinetics of glutamate and GABA miniature synaptic currents received by CA1 hippocampal interneurons and the laminar distribution of their axons: neurons that project to the same layer(s) receive synaptic inputs with similar kinetics distributions. In contrast, the kinetics distributions of GABAergic and glutamatergic synaptic events received by a given interneuron do not depend upon its somatic location or dendritic arborization. Although the mechanisms responsible for this unexpected observation are still unclear, our results suggest that interneurons may be programmed to receive synaptic currents with specific temporal dynamics depending on their targets and the local networks in which they operate.
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Rosa Cossart, Zdravko Petanjek, Dani Dumitriu, June Hirsch, Yehezkel Ben-Ari, et al.. Interneurons targeting similar layers receive synaptic inputs with similar kinetics.. Hippocampus, Wiley, 2006, 16 (4), pp.408-20. ⟨10.1002/hipo.20169⟩. ⟨inserm-00483923⟩

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