E. Albuquerque, E. Pereira, M. Alkondon, and S. Rogers, Mammalian Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors: From Structure to Function, Physiological Reviews, vol.89, issue.1, pp.73-120, 2009.
DOI : 10.1152/physrev.00015.2008

J. Barbara and K. Takeda, Quantal release at a neuronal nicotinic synapse from rat adrenal gland., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.93, issue.18, pp.9905-9909, 1996.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.93.18.9905

A. Baruchin, E. Weisberg, L. Miner, D. Ennis, L. Nisenbaum et al., Effects of Cold Exposure on Rat Adrenal Tyrosine Hydroxylase: An Analysis of RNA, Protein, Enzyme Activity, and Cofactor Levels, Journal of Neurochemistry, vol.256, issue.5, pp.1769-1775, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/S0006-291X(81)80246-X

W. Beacham and E. Perl, Background and reflex discharge of sympathetic preganglionic neurones in the spinal cat, The Journal of Physiology, vol.172, issue.3, pp.400-416, 1964.
DOI : 10.1113/jphysiol.1964.sp007428

A. Campos-caro, F. Smillie, D. Del-toro, E. Rovira, J. Vicente-agulló et al., Neuronal Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors on Bovine Chromaffin Cells: Cloning, Expression, and Genomic Organization of Receptor Subunits, Journal of Neurochemistry, vol.68, issue.2, pp.488-497, 1997.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1471-4159.1997.68020488.x

G. Cartier, D. Yoshikami, W. Gray, S. Luo, B. Olivera et al., A new alphaconotoxin which targets alpha3beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, J Biol Chem, vol.271, pp.7522-7528, 1996.

N. Chauvet, M. Prieto, C. Fabre, N. Noren, and A. Privat, Distribution of p120 catenin during rat brain development:, Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience, vol.22, issue.4, pp.467-486, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S1044-7431(03)00030-7

T. Cheek, Calcium signalling and the triggering of secretion in adrenal chromaffin cells, Pharmacology & Therapeutics, vol.52, issue.2, pp.173-189, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0163-7258(91)90007-9

C. Colomer, C. Lafont, and N. Guérineau, Stress-induced Intercellular Communication Remodeling in the Rat Adrenal Medulla, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol.307, issue.1, pp.106-111, 2008.
DOI : 10.1196/annals.1410.040

C. Colomer, M. Desarménien, and N. Guérineau, Revisiting the Stimulus-Secretion Coupling in the Adrenal Medulla: Role of Gap Junction-Mediated Intercellular Communication, Molecular Neurobiology, vol.44, issue.Suppl, pp.87-100, 2009.
DOI : 10.1007/s12035-009-8073-0

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00398108

M. Criado, L. Alamo, and A. Navarro, Primary structure of an agonist binding subunit of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor from bovine adrenal chromaffin cells, Neurochemical Research, vol.265, issue.3, pp.281-287, 1992.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00966671

M. Criado, D. Del-toro, E. Carrasco-serrano, C. Smillie, F. Juíz et al., Differential expression of alpha-bungarotoxin-sensitive neuronal nicotinic receptors in adrenergic chromaffin cells: a role for transcription factor Egr-1, J Neurosci, vol.17, pp.6554-6564, 1997.

W. Douglas and R. Rubin, Mechanism of Nicotinic Action at the Adrenal Medulla: Calcium as a Link in Stimulus-secretion Coupling, Nature, vol.159, issue.4807, pp.1087-1089, 1961.
DOI : 10.1038/1921087b0

W. Douglas, Stimulus-secretion coupling: the concept and clues from chromaffin and other cells, British Journal of Pharmacology, vol.90, issue.suppl. 228, pp.451-474, 1968.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1968.tb08474.x

D. Angelantonio, S. Matteoni, C. Fabbretti, E. Nistri, and A. , Molecular biology and electrophysiology of neuronal nicotinic receptors of rat chromaffin cells, European Journal of Neuroscience, vol.22, issue.11, pp.2313-2322, 2003.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1460-9568.2003.02669.x

C. Ducsay, K. Hyatt, M. Mlynarczyk, B. Root, K. Kaushal et al., Long-term hypoxia modulates expression of key genes regulating adrenomedullary function in the late gestation ovine fetus, AJP: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, vol.293, issue.5, pp.1997-2005, 2007.
DOI : 10.1152/ajpregu.00313.2007

A. Elgoyhen, D. Johnson, J. Boulter, D. Vetter, and S. Heinemann, ??9: An acetylcholine receptor with novel pharmacological properties expressed in rat cochlear hair cells, Cell, vol.79, issue.4, pp.705-715, 1994.
DOI : 10.1016/0092-8674(94)90555-X

A. Elgoyhen, D. Vetter, E. Katz, C. Rothlin, S. Heinemann et al., ??10: A determinant of nicotinic cholinergic receptor function in mammalian vestibular and cochlear mechanosensory hair cells, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.98, issue.6, pp.3501-3506, 2001.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.051622798

M. Ellison, Z. Feng, A. Park, X. Zhang, B. Olivera et al., ??-RgIA, a Novel Conotoxin That Blocks the ??9??10 nAChR: Structure and Identification of Key Receptor-Binding Residues, Journal of Molecular Biology, vol.377, issue.4, pp.1216-1227, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jmb.2008.01.082

E. Faber, A. Delaney, J. Power, P. Sedlak, J. Crane et al., Modulation of SK Channel Trafficking by Beta Adrenoceptors Enhances Excitatory Synaptic Transmission and Plasticity in the Amygdala, Journal of Neuroscience, vol.28, issue.43, pp.10803-10813, 2008.
DOI : 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1796-08.2008

D. Fornasari, E. Battaglioli, S. Terzano, and F. Clementi, Transcriptional regulation of neuronal nicotinic receptors subunit genes, Neuronal Nicotinic Receptors: Pharmacology and Therapeutic Opportunities, pp.25-42, 1998.

S. Fucile, Ca2+ permeability of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, Cell Calcium, vol.35, issue.1, pp.1-8, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ceca.2003.08.006

S. Fucile, A. Sucapane, and F. Eusebi, Ca2+ permeability through rat cloned ??9-containing nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, Cell Calcium, vol.39, issue.4, pp.349-355, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ceca.2005.12.002

A. Gaimarri, M. Moretti, L. Riganti, A. Zanardi, F. Clementi et al., Regulation of neuronal nicotinic receptor traffic and expression, Brain Research Reviews, vol.55, issue.1, pp.134-143, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.brainresrev.2007.02.005

O. Hamill, M. A. Neher, E. Sakmann, B. Sigworth, and F. , Improved patch-clamp techniques for high-resolution current recording from cells and cell-free membrane patches, Pfl??gers Archiv - European Journal of Physiology, vol.12, issue.2, pp.85-100, 1981.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00656997

M. Holman, H. Coleman, M. Tonta, and H. Parkington, Synaptic transmission from splanchnic nerves to the adrenal medulla of guinea-pigs., The Journal of Physiology, vol.478, issue.1, pp.115-127, 1994.
DOI : 10.1113/jphysiol.1994.sp020235

A. Iggo and M. Vogt, Preganglionic sympathetic activity in normal and in reserpine-treated cats, The Journal of Physiology, vol.150, issue.1, pp.114-133, 1960.
DOI : 10.1113/jphysiol.1960.sp006377

T. Iijima, G. Matsumoto, and Y. Kidokoro, Synaptic activation of rat adrenal medulla examined with a large photodiode array in combination with a voltage-sensitive dye, Neuroscience, vol.51, issue.1, pp.211-219, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0306-4522(92)90486-L

M. Ishimatsu and J. Williams, Synchronous activity in locus coeruleus results from dendritic interactions in pericoerulear regions, J Neurosci, vol.16, pp.5196-5204, 1996.

D. Jagger, C. Griesinger, M. Rivolta, M. Holley, and J. Ashmore, Calcium signalling mediated by the ??9 acetylcholine receptor in a cochlear cell line from the Immortomouse, The Journal of Physiology, vol.23, issue.1, pp.49-54, 2000.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1469-7793.2000.t01-1-00049.x

R. Kajiwara, O. Sand, Y. Kidokoro, M. Barish, and T. Iijima, Functional Organization of Chromaffin Cells and Cholinergic Synaptic Transmission in Rat Adrenal Medulla., The Japanese Journal of Physiology, vol.47, issue.5, pp.449-464, 1997.
DOI : 10.2170/jjphysiol.47.449

E. Katz, M. Verbitsky, C. Rothlin, D. Vetter, S. Heinemann et al., High calcium permeability and calcium block of the ??9 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, Hearing Research, vol.141, issue.1-2, pp.117-128, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0378-5955(99)00214-2

W. Kong, C. Guo, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, Y. Wang et al., Fast cholinergic efferent inhibition in guinea pig outer hair cells, Brain Research, vol.1102, issue.1, pp.103-108, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.brainres.2006.04.107

J. Kong, J. Adelman, and P. Fuchs, Expression of the SK2 calcium-activated potassium channel is required for cholinergic function in mouse cochlear hair cells, The Journal of Physiology, vol.185, issue.22, pp.5471-5485, 2008.
DOI : 10.1113/jphysiol.2008.160077

R. Kvetnansky and E. Sabban, Stress-induced changes in tyrosine hydroxylase and other catecholamine biosynthetic enzymes, Tyrosine hydroxylase: from discovery to cloning, pp.253-281, 1993.

R. Laufer and J. Changeux, Activity-dependent regulation of gene expression in muscle and neuronal cells, Molecular Neurobiology, vol.43, issue.12, pp.1-53, 1989.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02935587

K. Lips, P. König, K. Schätzle, U. Pfeil, G. Krasteva et al., Coexpression and Spatial Association of Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Subunits ??7 and ??10 in Rat Sympathetic Neurons, Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, vol.30, issue.1-2, pp.15-16, 2006.
DOI : 10.1385/JMN:30:1:15

M. López, C. Montiel, C. Herrero, E. García-palomero, I. Mayorgas et al., Unmasking the functions of the chromaffin cell ??7 nicotinic receptor by using short pulses of acetylcholine and selective blockers, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.95, issue.24, pp.14184-14189, 1998.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.95.24.14184

A. Martin, M. Mathieu, C. Chevillard, and N. Guérineau, Gap junctions mediate electrical signaling and ensuing cytosolic Ca 2+ increases between chromaffin cells in adrenal slices: a role in catecholamine release, J Neurosci, vol.21, pp.5397-5405, 2001.

A. Martin, M. Mathieu, and N. Guérineau, Evidence for long-lasting cholinergic control of gap junctional communication between adrenal chromaffin cells, J Neurosci, vol.23, pp.3669-3678, 2003.

A. Martin, G. Alonso, and N. Guérineau, Agrin mediates a rapid switch from electrical coupling to chemical neurotransmission during synaptogenesis, The Journal of Cell Biology, vol.9, issue.3, pp.503-514, 2005.
DOI : 10.1074/jbc.M309652200

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00017507

J. Matthews-bellinger and M. Salpeter, Distribution of acetylcholine receptors at frog neuromuscular junctions with a discussion of some physiological implications., The Journal of Physiology, vol.279, issue.1, pp.197-213, 1978.
DOI : 10.1113/jphysiol.1978.sp012340

M. Mousavi, E. Hellström-lindahl, Z. Guan, I. Bednar, and A. Nordberg, Expression of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in human and rat adrenal medulla, Life Sciences, vol.70, issue.5, pp.577-590, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0024-3205(01)01427-8

H. Nakajima, H. Goto, Y. Azuma, A. Fujita, and T. Takeuchi, Functional interactions between the SK2 channel and the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor in enteric neurons of the guinea pig ileum, Journal of Neurochemistry, vol.281, issue.6, pp.2428-2438, 2007.
DOI : 10.1124/jpet.102.033548

A. Nenov, C. Norris, and R. Bobbin, Acetylcholine response in guinea pig outer hair cells, 1996.

L. Nie, H. Song, M. Chen, N. Chiamvimonvat, K. Beisel et al., Cloning and Expression of a Small-Conductance Ca2+-Activated K+ Channel From the Mouse Cochlea: Coexpression with ??9/??10 Acetylcholine Receptors, Journal of Neurophysiology, vol.91, issue.4, pp.1536-1544, 2004.
DOI : 10.1152/jn.00630.2003

J. Nooney and A. Feltz, Inhibition by cyclothiazide of neuronal nicotinic responses in bovine chromaffin cells, British Journal of Pharmacology, vol.10, issue.3, pp.648-655, 1995.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1995.tb17188.x

B. Olivera, M. Quik, M. Vincler, and J. Mcintosh, Subtype-selective conopeptides targeted to nicotinic receptors:Concerted discovery and biomedical applications, Channels, vol.2, issue.2, pp.143-152, 2008.
DOI : 10.4161/chan.2.2.6276

E. Pérez, B. Cassels, and G. Zapata-torres, Molecular modeling of the ??9??10 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtype, Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, vol.19, issue.1, pp.251-254, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.bmcl.2008.10.094

G. Rust, J. Burgunder, T. Lauterburg, and A. Cachelin, Expression of Neuronal Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Subunit Genes in the Rat Autonomic Nervous System, European Journal of Neuroscience, vol.168, issue.3, pp.478-485, 1994.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1460-9568.1994.tb00290.x

E. Sabban and R. Kvetnansky, Stress-triggered activation of gene expression in catecholaminergic systems: dynamics of transcriptional events, Trends in Neurosciences, vol.24, issue.2, pp.91-98, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0166-2236(00)01687-8

F. Sala, A. Nistri, and M. Criado, Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors of adrenal chromaffin cells, Acta Physiologica, vol.425, issue.Pt 3, pp.203-212, 2008.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1748-1716.2007.01804.x

F. Sgard, E. Charpantier, S. Bertrand, N. Walker, D. Caput et al., A Novel Human Nicotinic Receptor Subunit, alpha 10, That Confers Functionality to the alpha 9-Subunit, Molecular Pharmacology, vol.61, issue.1, pp.150-159, 2002.
DOI : 10.1124/mol.61.1.150

L. Valor, M. Castillo, J. Ortiz, and M. Criado, Transcriptional Regulation by Activation and Repression Elements Located at the 5'-Noncoding Region of the Human ??9 Nicotinic Receptor Subunit Gene, Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.278, issue.39, pp.37249-37255, 2003.
DOI : 10.1074/jbc.M307043200

J. Vandesompele, D. Preter, K. Pattyn, F. Poppe, B. Van-roy et al., Accurate normalization of real-time quantitative RT-PCR data by geometric averaging of multiple internal control genes, Genome Biol, vol.3, p.34, 2002.

D. Vetter, M. Liberman, J. Mann, J. Barhanin, J. Boulter et al., Role of ??9 Nicotinic ACh Receptor Subunits in the Development and Function of Cochlear Efferent Innervation, Neuron, vol.23, issue.1, pp.93-103, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0896-6273(00)80756-4

D. Vetter, E. Katz, S. Maison, J. Taranda, S. Turcan et al., The ??10 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit is required for normal synaptic function and integrity of the olivocochlear system, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.104, issue.51, pp.20594-20599, 2007.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.0708545105

M. Verbitsky, C. Rothlin, E. Katz, and A. Elgoyhen, Mixed nicotinic???muscarinic properties of the ??9 nicotinic cholinergic receptor, Neuropharmacology, vol.39, issue.13, pp.2515-2524, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0028-3908(00)00124-6

M. Vincler, S. Wittenauer, R. Parker, M. Ellison, B. Olivera et al., Molecular mechanism for analgesia involving specific antagonism of ??9??10 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.103, issue.47, pp.17880-17884, 2006.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.0608715103

A. Wakade, Studies on secretion of catecholamines evoked by acetylcholine or transmural stimulation of the rat adrenal gland., The Journal of Physiology, vol.313, issue.1, pp.463-480, 1981.
DOI : 10.1113/jphysiol.1981.sp013676