G. Aicardi, E. Argilli, S. Cappello, S. Santi, M. Riccio et al., Induction of long-term potentiation and depression is reflected by corresponding changes in secretion of endogenous brain-derived neurotrophic factor, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.101, issue.44, pp.15788-15792, 2004.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.0406960101

A. Balkowiec and D. Katz, Cellular mechanisms regulating activitydependent release of native brain-derived neurotrophic factor from hippocampal neurons, J Neurosci, vol.22, pp.10399-10407, 2002.

T. Bonhoeffer, Neurotrophins and activity-dependent development of the neocortex, Current Opinion in Neurobiology, vol.6, issue.1, pp.119-126, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/S0959-4388(96)80017-1

C. Bramham and E. Messaoudi, BDNF function in adult synaptic plasticity: The synaptic consolidation hypothesis, Progress in Neurobiology, vol.76, issue.2, pp.99-125, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.pneurobio.2005.06.003

T. Brigadski, M. Hartmann, and V. Lessmann, Differential Vesicular Targeting and Time Course of Synaptic Secretion of the Mammalian Neurotrophins, Journal of Neuroscience, vol.25, issue.33, pp.7601-7614, 2005.
DOI : 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1776-05.2005

T. Buerli, C. Pellegrino, K. Baer, B. Lardi-studler, I. Chudotvorova et al., Efficient transfection of DNA or shRNA vectors into neurons using magnetofection, Nature Protocols, vol.22, issue.12, pp.3090-3101, 2007.
DOI : 10.1038/nprot.2007.445

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00483856

S. Finkbeiner, S. Tavazoie, A. Maloratsky, K. Jacobs, K. Harris et al., CREB: A Major Mediator of Neuronal Neurotrophin Responses, Neuron, vol.19, issue.5, pp.1031-1047, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0896-6273(00)80395-5

A. Gärtner and V. Staiger, Neurotrophin secretion from hippocampal neurons evoked by long-term-potentiation-inducing electrical stimulation patterns, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.99, issue.9, pp.6386-6391, 2002.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.092129699

A. Ghosh, J. Carnahan, and M. Greenberg, Requirement for BDNF in activity-dependent survival of cortical neurons, Science, vol.263, issue.5153, pp.1618-1623, 1994.
DOI : 10.1126/science.7907431

D. Ginty and R. Segal, Retrograde neurotrophin signaling: Trk-ing along the axon, Current Opinion in Neurobiology, vol.12, issue.3, pp.268-274, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0959-4388(02)00326-4

L. Goodman, J. Valverde, F. Lim, M. Geschwind, H. Federoff et al., Regulated Release and Polarized Localization of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor in Hippocampal Neurons, Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience, vol.7, issue.3, pp.222-238, 1996.
DOI : 10.1006/mcne.1996.0017

O. Griesbeck, M. Canossa, G. Campana, A. Gärtner, M. Hoener et al., Are there differences between the secretion characteristics of NGF and BDNF? Implications for the modulatory role of neurotrophins in activity-dependent neuronal plasticity, Microscopy Research and Technique, vol.9, issue.4-5, pp.262-275, 1999.
DOI : 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0029(19990515/01)45:4/5<262::AID-JEMT10>3.0.CO;2-K

P. Gubellini, Y. Ben-ari, and J. Ga?¨arsaga?¨arsa, Endogenous Neurotrophins Are Required for the Induction of GABAergic Long-Term Potentiation in the Neonatal Rat Hippocampus, Journal of Neuroscience, vol.25, issue.24, pp.5796-5802, 2005.
DOI : 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0824-05.2005

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00118522

M. Hartmann, R. Heumann, and V. Lessmann, Synaptic secretion of BDNF after high-frequency stimulation of glutamatergic synapses, The EMBO Journal, vol.20, issue.21, pp.5887-5897, 2001.
DOI : 10.1093/emboj/20.21.5887

W. Haubensak, F. Narz, R. Heumann, and V. Lessmann, BDNF-GFP containing secretory granules are localized in the vicinity of synaptic junctions of cultured cortical neurons, J Cell Sci, vol.111, pp.1483-1493, 1998.

E. Huang and L. Reichardt, : Roles in Neuronal Development and Function, Annual Review of Neuroscience, vol.24, issue.1, pp.677-736, 2001.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.neuro.24.1.677

H. Kang, A. Welcher, D. Shelton, and E. Schuman, Neurotrophins and Time: Different Roles for TrkB Signaling in Hippocampal Long-Term Potentiation, Neuron, vol.19, issue.3, pp.653-664, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0896-6273(00)80378-5

K. Kohara, H. Yasuda, Y. Huang, N. Adachi, K. Sohya et al., A Local Reduction in Cortical GABAergic Synapses after a Loss of Endogenous Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor, as Revealed by Single-Cell Gene Knock-Out Method, Journal of Neuroscience, vol.27, issue.27, pp.7234-7244, 2007.
DOI : 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1943-07.2007

R. Kolarow, T. Brigadski, and V. Lessmann, Postsynaptic Secretion of BDNF and NT-3 from Hippocampal Neurons Depends on Calcium Calmodulin Kinase II Signaling and Proceeds via Delayed Fusion Pore Opening, Journal of Neuroscience, vol.27, issue.39, pp.10350-10364, 2007.
DOI : 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0692-07.2007

G. Krapivinsky, L. Krapivinsky, Y. Manasian, A. Ivanov, R. Tyzio et al., The NMDA Receptor Is Coupled to the ERK Pathway by a Direct Interaction between NR2B and RasGRF1, Neuron, vol.40, issue.4, pp.775-784, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0896-6273(03)00645-7

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00484801

V. Lessmann, K. Gottmann, and M. Malcangio, Neurotrophin secretion: current facts and future prospects, Progress in Neurobiology, vol.69, issue.5, pp.341-374, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0301-0082(03)00019-4

B. Lu and A. Figurov, Role of Neurotrophins in Synapse Development and Plasticity, Reviews in the Neurosciences, vol.8, issue.1, pp.1-12, 1997.
DOI : 10.1515/REVNEURO.1997.8.1.1

B. Lu, P. Pang, and N. Woo, The yin and yang of neurotrophin action, Nature Reviews Neuroscience, vol.146, issue.8, pp.603-614, 2005.
DOI : 10.1074/jbc.M410435200

J. Magby, C. Bi, Z. Chen, F. Lee, and M. Plummer, Single-Cell Characterization of Retrograde Signaling by Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor, Journal of Neuroscience, vol.26, issue.52, pp.13531-13536, 2006.
DOI : 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4576-06.2006

J. Magee and D. Johnston, A Synaptically Controlled, Associative Signal for Hebbian Plasticity in Hippocampal Neurons, Science, vol.275, issue.5297, pp.209-213, 1997.
DOI : 10.1126/science.275.5297.209

H. Markram, P. Helm, and B. Sakmann, Dendritic calcium transients evoked by single back-propagating action potentials in rat neocortical pyramidal neurons., The Journal of Physiology, vol.485, issue.1, pp.1-20, 1995.
DOI : 10.1113/jphysiol.1995.sp020708

H. Markram, J. Lübke, M. Frotscher, and B. Sakmann, Regulation of Synaptic Efficacy by Coincidence of Postsynaptic APs and EPSPs, Science, vol.275, issue.5297, pp.213-215, 1997.
DOI : 10.1126/science.275.5297.213

S. Marty and B. Mdap, Neurotrophins and activity-dependent plasticity of cortical interneurons, Trends in Neurosciences, vol.20, issue.5, pp.198-202, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0166-2236(96)01026-0

S. Marty, R. Wehrlé, and C. Sotelo, Neuronal activity and brain-derived neurotrophic factor regulate the density of inhibitory synapses in organotypic slice cultures of postnatal hippocampus, J Neurosci, vol.20, pp.8087-8095, 2000.

A. Mcallister, L. Katz, and D. Lo, Neurotrophin Regulation of Cortical Dendritic Growth Requires Activity, Neuron, vol.17, issue.6, pp.1057-1064, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/S0896-6273(00)80239-1

M. Mohajerani, S. Sivakumaran, P. Zacchi, P. Aguilera, and E. Cherubini, Correlated network activity enhances synaptic efficacy via BDNF and the ERK pathway at immature CA3 CA1 connections in the hippocampus, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.104, issue.32, pp.13176-13181, 2007.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.0704533104

Y. Mu and M. Poo, Spike Timing-Dependent LTP/LTD Mediates Visual Experience-Dependent Plasticity in a Developing Retinotectal System, Neuron, vol.50, issue.1, pp.115-125, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.neuron.2006.03.009

G. Nagappan and B. Lu, Activity-dependent modulation of the BDNF receptor TrkB: mechanisms and implications, Trends in Neurosciences, vol.28, issue.9, pp.464-471, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tins.2005.07.003

S. Ohba, T. Ikeda, Y. Ikegaya, N. Nishiyama, N. Matsuki et al., BDNF Locally Potentiates GABAergic Presynaptic Machineries: Target-selective Circuit Inhibition, Cerebral Cortex, vol.15, issue.3, pp.291-298, 2005.
DOI : 10.1093/cercor/bhh130

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=

J. Ranck and . Jr, Studies on single neurons in dorsal hippocampal formation and septum in unrestrained rats. I. Behavioral correlates and firing repertoires, Exp Neurol, vol.41, pp.461-531, 1973.

L. Rutherford, A. Dewan, H. Lauer, and G. Turrigiano, Brain-derived neurotrophic factor mediates the activity-dependent regulation of inhibition in neocortical cultures, J Neurosci, vol.17, pp.4527-4535, 1997.

V. Sandler and J. Barbara, Calcium-induced calcium release contributes to action potential-evoked calcium transients in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons, J Neurosci, vol.19, pp.4325-4336, 1999.

E. Schuman, Neurotrophin regulation of synaptic transmission, Current Opinion in Neurobiology, vol.9, issue.1, pp.105-109, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0959-4388(99)80013-0

F. Seil and R. Drake-baumann, TrkB receptor ligands promote activity-dependent inhibitory synaptogenesis, J Neurosci, vol.20, pp.5367-5373, 2000.

J. Tanaka, Y. Horiike, M. Matsuzaki, T. Miyazaki, G. Ellis-davies et al., Protein Synthesis and Neurotrophin-Dependent Structural Plasticity of Single Dendritic Spines, Science, vol.319, issue.5870, pp.1683-1687, 2008.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1152864

W. Tyler, M. Alonso, C. Bramham, and L. Pozzo-miller, From Acquisition to Consolidation: On the Role of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Signaling in Hippocampal-Dependent Learning, Learning & Memory, vol.9, issue.5, pp.224-237, 2002.
DOI : 10.1101/lm.51202

C. Walz, K. Jüngling, V. Lessmann, and K. Gottmann, Presynaptic Plasticity in an Immature Neocortical Network Requires NMDA Receptor Activation and BDNF Release, Journal of Neurophysiology, vol.96, issue.6, pp.3512-3516, 2006.
DOI : 10.1152/jn.00018.2006

Y. Zilberter, K. Kaiser, and B. Sakmann, Dendritic GABA Release Depresses Excitatory Transmission between Layer 2/3 Pyramidal and Bitufted Neurons in Rat Neocortex, Neuron, vol.24, issue.4, pp.979-988, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0896-6273(00)81044-2

Y. Zilberter, T. Harkany, and C. Holmgren, Dendritic Release of Retrograde Messengers Controls Synaptic Transmission in Local Neocortical Networks, The Neuroscientist, vol.24, issue.4, pp.334-344, 2005.
DOI : 10.1177/1073858405275827