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Selection of Epstein-Barr virus specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes can be performed with B lymphoblastoid cell lines created in serum-free media.

Abstract : Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)-transformed B lymphoblastoid cell lines (BLCL) are currently used for numerous applications in cellular immunology. Where protocols destined for clinical application are concerned, the final choice of assay is made according to a risk/benefit ratio analysis. In this balance the use of xenogenic or allogenic serum has always been a major concern, as it carries both an infectious and an immunological risk. So far, it is unknown whether serum can be omitted from the entire BLCL selection procedure. In addition, as BLCL have been described as heterogeneous, serum deprivation may affect their antigen-presenting capacity. In the present study, BLCL were generated in the absence or presence of fetal calf serum (referred to as BLCL0 or BLCL(FCS), respectively). Next, in order to assess the antigen-presenting capacity of these cells, we compared the ability of BLCL0 and BLCL(FCS) cells to stimulate the EBV-specific repertoire of the corresponding donor's peripheral blood mononuclear cells in vitro. Our results showed that addition of serum was not essential for BLCL infection and culture, and that as far as we could determine, BLCL0 cells were as effective as BLCL(FCS) in reactivating the EBV-specific T-cell repertoire in vitro. Notably, FCS-specific T-lymphocytes can be detected among the BLCL(FCS)-specific CD4+-CTL. Not only was this latter observation unexpected for an EBV-seropositive donor, but it implied that the BLCL had captured and processed the corresponding FCS-derived solubles antigens; taken together our results emphasized the interest of the possibility to generate BLCL0, both for research and for clinical applications.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00473461
Contributor : Philippe Saas <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 15, 2010 - 11:51:51 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 27, 2020 - 2:35:49 PM

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Géraldine Gallot, Solène Vollant, Régine Vivien, Béatrice Clémenceau, Christophe Ferrand, et al.. Selection of Epstein-Barr virus specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes can be performed with B lymphoblastoid cell lines created in serum-free media.. Clinical and Experimental Immunology, Wiley, 2006, 144 (1), pp.158-68. ⟨10.1111/j.1365-2249.2006.03035.x⟩. ⟨inserm-00473461⟩

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