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Age-related changes of the cutaneous microcirculation in vivo.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: The architectural frameworks of the skin microcirculation are rather complex and change continuously with aging. But these changes are yet poorly documented in vivo. OBJECTIVES: Using non-invasive methods belonging to the field of biometrology, the study aimed to investigate quantitatively the changes of the cutaneous microvasculature in different anatomic sites with age. METHODS: Measurements were performed on crow's feet, forehead, volar forearm and dorsum of hand in 50 women (aged 20-74 years who consisted of 10 probands in each live decades). The superficial vascular plexus was scanned by videocapillaroscopy and assessed with the software Capilab Toolbox. The subpapillary vascular plexus was explored with laser Doppler flowmetry. The skin color a* was analyzed by chromametry. RESULTS: A marked site and age effect on the skin microcirculation has been demonstrated. The density of capillary loops in the eldest group decreased by about 40-70% compared with the youngest group whereas the vascular length increased by 35-156%. The capillary density in the back of the hand was 4 times higher than in the crow's feet. The vascular length in the crow's feet was 3 times longer than in the back of the hand. Both blood flow and skin redness (a*) increased also with age. CONCLUSION: Both morphology and quantification of the cutaneous microvasculature showed changes with site and age. Videocapillaroscopy associated to an image processing and laser Doppler flowmetry revealed different vascular layers. So the combination of both instruments offers an easy way to observe the architectural frameworks in vivo.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00473374
Contributor : Philippe Saas <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 15, 2010 - 11:01:48 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 27, 2020 - 2:35:49 PM

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Li Li, Sophie Mac-Mary, Jean-Marie Sainthillier, Stéphanie Nouveau, Olivier de Lacharriere, et al.. Age-related changes of the cutaneous microcirculation in vivo.. Gerontology, Karger, 2006, 52 (3), pp.142-53. ⟨10.1159/000091823⟩. ⟨inserm-00473374⟩

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