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Human in vivo fluorescence microimaging of the alveolar ducts and sacs during bronchoscopy.

Abstract : The aim of the present study was to assess fibred confocal fluorescence microscopy (FCFM) as a tool for imaging the alveolar respiratory system in vivo during bronchoscopy. A 488-nm excitation wavelength FCFM device was used in 41 healthy subjects including 17 active smokers. After topical anaesthesia, the 1.4-mm miniprobe was introduced into the bronchoscope working channel and advanced distally to the alveoli. Morphometric and cellular analyses were performed on selected frames harbouring a minimal compression effect. In vivo acinar microimaging was obtained from each lung segment except for the apical and posterior segments of both upper lobes. Reproducible patterns, corresponding to the elastic framework of the axial and peripheral interstitial systems, were recorded from 192 separate acini. The mean+/-sd thickness of the acinar elastic fibres was 10+/-2.7 microm. Alveolar mouth diameters (mean+/-sd 278+/-53 microm) were normally distributed but appeared smaller in the right upper lobe and right medial basal segment. Lobular microvessels (median diameter 90 microm) were equally distributed throughout the lungs. Alveolar macrophages were not detectable in nonsmokers, whereas a specific tobacco-tar-induced fluorescence was observed in smoking subjects, providing fine details of the alveolar walls and macrophages. A strong correlation was found between the number of cigarettes smoked per day and the amount of large and mobile macrophages observed in vivo, as well as with the intensity of the macrophage alveolitis. Fibred confocal fluorescence microscopy enables accurate exploration of the peripheral lung in vivo in both smokers and nonsmokers.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 29, 2010 - 10:27:39 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 2, 2022 - 10:10:08 AM

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Luc Thiberville, Mathieu Salaün, Sammy Lachkar, Stéphane Dominique, Sophie Moreno-Swirc, et al.. Human in vivo fluorescence microimaging of the alveolar ducts and sacs during bronchoscopy.. European Respiratory Journal, European Respiratory Society, 2009, 33 (5), pp.974-85. ⟨10.1183/09031936.00083708⟩. ⟨inserm-00467791⟩



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