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Prognostic value of sympathetic innervation and cardiac asynchrony in dilated cardiomyopathy.

Abstract : PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to examine prognostic values of cardiac I-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) uptake and cardiac dyssynchrony in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-four patients with non-ischemic DCM underwent I-123 MIBG imaging for assessing cardiac sympathetic innervation and equilibrium radionuclide angiography. Mean phase angles and SD of the phase histogram were computed for both right ventricular (RV) and left ventricular (LV). Phase measures of interventricular (RV-LV) and intraventricular (SD-RV and SD-LV) asynchrony were computed. RESULTS: Most patients were receiving beta-blockers (89%) and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (88%). One patient (1%) was lost to follow-up, six had cardiac death (6.4%), eight had heart transplantation (8.6%), and seven had unplanned hospitalization for heart failure (7.5%; mean follow-up: 37 +/- 16 months). Patients with poor clinical outcome were older, had higher The New York Heart Association functional class, impaired right ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular ejection fraction, and impaired cardiac I-123 MIBG uptake. On multivariate analysis, I-123 MIBG heart-to-mediastinum (H/M) uptake ratio <1.6 was the only predictor of both primary (cardiac death or heart transplantation, RR = 7.02, p < 0.01) and secondary (cardiac death, heart transplantation, or recurrent heart failure, RR = 8.10, p = 0.0008) end points. CONCLUSIONS: In patients receiving modern medical therapy involving beta-blockers, I-123 MIBG uptake, but not intra-LV asynchrony, was predictive of clinical outcome. The impact of beta-blockers on the prognostic value of ventricular asynchrony remains to be clarified.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00467233
Contributor : Céline Breton <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 26, 2010 - 11:40:42 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 1, 2020 - 12:06:03 PM

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Alain Manrique, Mathieu Bernard, Anne Hitzel, Fabrice Bauer, Jean-François Ménard, et al.. Prognostic value of sympathetic innervation and cardiac asynchrony in dilated cardiomyopathy.. European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Springer Verlag (Germany), 2008, 35 (11), pp.2074-81. ⟨10.1007/s00259-008-0889-8⟩. ⟨inserm-00467233⟩

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