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Image-guided therapy: evolution and breakthrough.

Abstract : Beyond the advances made in computer-assisted interventions and robotic systems, the demand for more efficient and safer therapies remains challenging. Thus, if it is possible to improve the instrument tracking, steering, and target localization, to miniaturize the sensors and actuators, and to conduct preoperatively planned minimally invasive therapies, we still need new resources to achieve permanent destruction of abnormal tissues or suppression of pathological processes. Most of the physics-based (or energy-based) therapeutic principles at our disposal have been established a long time ago, but their actions on basic cellular and molecular mechanisms are not yet fully understood. They all have a wide spectrum of clinical targets in terms of organs and pathologies, modes of application (external, interstitial, intraluminal, etc.) with advantages and side-effect drawbacks, proven indications, and contraindications. Some of them may still face controversies regarding their outcomes. This short article, mainly focused on tumor destruction, briefly reviews in its first part some of these techniques and sketches the next generation under investigation. The former include radio frequency (RF), high-intensity focused ultrasound (HiFU), microwaves, and cryotherapy, of which all are temperature based. Laser-based approaches [e.g., photodynamic therapy (PDT) at large] are also discussed. Radiotherapy and its variants (hadrontherapy, brachytherapy, Gamma Knife, and CyberKnife) remain, of course, as the reference technique in cancer treatment. The next breakthroughs are examined in the second part of the article. They are based on the close association between imaging agents, drugs, and some stimulation techniques. The ongoing research efforts in that direction show that, if they are still far from clinical applications, strong expectations are made. From the point of view of interventional planning and image guidance, all of them share a lot of concerns.
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Contributor : Jean-Louis Dillenseger <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 19, 2010 - 5:16:19 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 14, 2021 - 6:44:05 PM
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Pascal Haigron, Jean-Louis Dillenseger, Limin Luo, Jean-Louis Coatrieux. Image-guided therapy: evolution and breakthrough.. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010, 29 (1), pp.100-4. ⟨10.1109/MEMB.2009.935459⟩. ⟨inserm-00465533⟩



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