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Identification, characterisation and regulation by CD40 activation of novel CD95 splice variants in CD95-apoptosis-resistant, human, B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Abstract : CD95 gene and splicing aberrations have been detected in B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) where they are thought to contribute to CD95 apoptosis resistance. To further investigate this, we have performed extensive CD95 transcript sequencing and functional analysis in B-NHL with demonstrated resistance to CD95-induced apoptosis (B-NHLr). Strikingly, instead of showing CD95 mutations per se, B cells from B-NHLr co-expressed wild-type and multiple, normal (CD95nv) and novel alternatively spliced variant CD95 transcripts (CD95av). CD95av were predicted, by sequencing, to encode soluble, potentially apoptosis inhibitory proteins. However, their overexpression, by transfection, in Jurkat cells did not interfere with endogenous CD95 death signalling. Furthermore, CD95av-expressing B-NHLr did not show mutations in CD95 splice-regulatory elements and CD95av expression was 'reversible' by CD40 activation. This, in conjunction with treatment by the protein synthesis inhibitor, cycloheximide, could sensitise a subset of B-NHLr to CD95 apoptosis. In normal and lymphoma B cells, this correlated to increased CD95 membrane expression, enhanced DISC activity and engagement of the mitochondrial death pathway via Bid cleavage, although the latter occurred less efficiently in B-NHLr. Thus, immune modulation of CD95 transcription and alternative splicing combined with enhanced engagement of mitochondrial death signalling offer potential for restoration of CD95 apoptosis sensitivity in B-NHLr.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00464054
Contributor : Samuel Duley <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 15, 2010 - 5:54:45 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 27, 2020 - 11:36:03 AM

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Alicia Lajmanovich, Juliana Bruder Ribeyron, Anne Florin, Alexandra Fournier, Marie-Anne Pasquier, et al.. Identification, characterisation and regulation by CD40 activation of novel CD95 splice variants in CD95-apoptosis-resistant, human, B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.. Experimental Cell Research, Elsevier, 2009, 315 (19), pp.3281-93. ⟨10.1016/j.yexcr.2009.09.008⟩. ⟨inserm-00464054⟩

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