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Genetic counseling and "molecular" prenatal diagnosis of holoprosencephaly (HPE).

Abstract : Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is a structural anomaly of the developing brain in which the forebrain fails to divide into two separate hemispheres and ventricles. The poor prognosis in the most severe forms justifies the importance of genetic counseling in affected families. The genetic counseling requires a thorough clinical approach given the extreme variability of phenotype and etiology. The karyotype is an essential diagnostic tool. Since mutations in the four major genes (SHH, ZIC2, SIX3, and TGIF) have been identified in HPE patients, molecular study is performed routinely in nonsyndromic HPE. New molecular tools, such as array-CGH analysis, are now part of the diagnostic process. Prenatal diagnosis is based primarily on fetal imaging, but "molecular" prenatal diagnosis can be performed if a mutation has been previously identified in a proband. Interpretations of molecular diagnosis must be given with caution, given the lack of strict genotype-phenotype correlation, and should be offered in addition to fetal imaging, using ultrasound followed by fetal MRI. We report on our experience of 15 molecular prenatal diagnoses from chorionic villi or amniotic fluid sampling. In eight instances, we were able to reassure the parents after taking into account the absence of the mutation in the fetus, previously identified before in a parent and/or a proband. Fetal RMI was normal later in pregnancy, and no child had medical problems after birth. The mutation was found in the seven other cases: four children were born, either without brain malformation and asymptomatic, or had a less severe form than the index case.
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Contributor : Hervé De Villemeur Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, March 8, 2010 - 10:06:05 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 30, 2022 - 2:35:42 PM

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Sandra Mercier, Christèle Dubourg, Marion Belleguic, Laurent Pasquier, Philippe Loget, et al.. Genetic counseling and "molecular" prenatal diagnosis of holoprosencephaly (HPE).. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part C: Seminars in Medical Genetics, Wiley, 2010, 154C (1), pp.191-6. ⟨10.1002/ajmg.c.30246⟩. ⟨inserm-00461987⟩



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