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Hostility has both positive and negative associations with cognition in old age: results from the ESPRIT study: Hostility and cognition in old age

Abstract : Background: Chronic psychological stress has been associated with cognitive decline and dementia. The aim of this study is to determine if the endogenous stressors hostility and anger are related to cognitive performance and decline over time in the elderly. Methods: 1252 participants in a population based cohort from Montpellier France, completed the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory and Speilberger State Trait Anger Expression Inventory. They also were tested using the Benton Visual Retention Test, the Isaacs Set test of category fluency and Trails A and B at the same time point and 2 and 4 years later. Mixed models were used to examine the association between hostility and anger factor scores and cognitive function. Results: In men, after adjusting for age, education, depression, coronary heart disease, smoking and body mass index there were significant associations between Guilt and Suspicion and State Anger and cognitive performance. The only significant time by hostility factor interaction was for the association between State Anger and Trails A. In women, after adjustments the associations between Trait Anger and Anger-Out and Isaacs Set Test and Verbal and Physical Aggression and Guilt and Trails A were significant, and there were no significant time by hostility interactions. Conclusions: Expressed hostility had positive associations and suppressed hostility tended to have negative associations with level of cognitive function, but not with cognitive decline in old age. This suggests that personality may impact across the lifespan on cognitive function.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00457726
Contributor : Dominique Villebrun <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 18, 2010 - 12:12:04 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 17, 2019 - 1:57:25 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, November 30, 2016 - 1:58:26 PM

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  • HAL Id : inserm-00457726, version 1

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Lee-Fay Low, Karen Ritchie, Sylvaine Artero. Hostility has both positive and negative associations with cognition in old age: results from the ESPRIT study: Hostility and cognition in old age. 2010. ⟨inserm-00457726⟩

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