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Calpain 2 is required for sister chromatid cohesion.

Abstract : Calpains form a family of Ca(2+)-dependent cysteine proteases involved in diverse cellular processes. However, the specific functions of each calpain isoform remain unknown. Recent reports have shown that calpain 2 (Capn2) is essential for cell viability. We have recently shown that Capn2 is a nuclear protease associated with chromosomes during mitosis in mammalian embryonic cells. We now report that Capn2 depletion impairs mitosis and induces apoptosis in murine cells. Low Capn2 levels induce chromosome alignment defects, the loss of histone H3 threonine 3 phosphorylation at centromeres, and premature sister chromatid separation. Thus, Capn2 may play a role in fundamental mitotic functions, such as the maintenance of sister chromatid cohesion.
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Contributor : Hervé De Villemeur Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, February 1, 2010 - 2:23:39 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 31, 2022 - 3:28:32 PM

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Laura Magnaghi-Jaulin, Anne Marcilhac, Mireille Rossel, Christian Jaulin, yves Benyamin, et al.. Calpain 2 is required for sister chromatid cohesion.. Chromosoma, Springer Verlag, 2010, 119 (3), pp.267-74. ⟨10.1007/s00412-010-0255-z⟩. ⟨inserm-00452070⟩



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