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Journal Articles Journal of Neuroscience Year : 2009

Dual Neural Routing of Visual Facilitation in Speech Processing

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Abstract

Viewing our interlocutor facilitates speech perception, unlike for instance when we telephone. Several neural routes and mechanisms could account for this phenomenon. Using magnetoencephalography (MEG), we show that when seeing the interlocutor, latencies of auditory responses (M100) are the shorter the more predictable speech is from visual input, whether the auditory signal was congruent or not. Incongruence of auditory and visual input affected auditory responses about 20 ms after latency shortening was detected, indicating that initial content-dependent auditory facilitation by vision is followed by a feedback signal that reflects the error between expected and received auditory input (prediction error). We then used functional magnetic resonance imaging and confirmed that distinct routes of visual information to auditory processing underlie these two functional mechanisms. Functional connectivity between visual motion and auditory areas depended on the degree of visual predictability, whereas connectivity between the superior temporal sulcus and both auditory and visual motion areas was driven by audio-visual incongruence. These results establish two distinct mechanisms by which the brain uses potentially predictive visual information to improve auditory perception. A fast direct cortico-cortical pathway conveys visual motion parameters to auditory cortex, and a slower and indirect feedback pathway signals the error between visual prediction and auditory input.
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Dates and versions

inserm-00429667 , version 1 (03-11-2009)

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Luc Arnal, Benjamin Morillon, Christian A. Kell, Anne-Lise Giraud. Dual Neural Routing of Visual Facilitation in Speech Processing: Visual facilitation of speech processing. Journal of Neuroscience, 2009, 29 (43), pp.13445-13453. ⟨10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3194-09.2009⟩. ⟨inserm-00429667⟩
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