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Cellular localization of apelin and its receptor in the anterior pituitary: evidence for a direct stimulatory action of apelin on ACTH release.

Annabelle Reaux-Le Goazigo 1 Rodrigo Alvear-Perez 1 Philippe Zizzari 2 Jacques Epelbaum 2 Marie-Thérèse Bluet-Pajot 2 Catherine Llorens-Cortes 1
1 Neuropeptides centraux et régulations hydrique et cardiovasculaire
UPMC - Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris 6, INSERM - Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale : U691, CIRB - Centre interdisciplinaire de recherche en biologie
Abstract : Apelin is a bioactive peptide recently identified as the endogenous ligand of the human orphan G protein-coupled receptor APJ. The presence of apelin-immunoreactive nerve fibers, together with the detection of apelin receptor mRNA in the parvocellular part of the paraventricular nucleus and the stimulatory action of apelin on corticotropin-releasing hormone release, indicate that apelin modulates adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) release via an indirect action on the hypothalamus. However, a direct action of apelin in the anterior pituitary cannot be excluded. Here, we provided evidence for the existence of an apelinergic system within the adult male rat pituitary gland. Double immunofluorescence staining indicated that apelin is highly coexpressed in the anterior pituitary, mainly in corticotrophs (96.5 +/- 0.3%) and to a much lower extent in somatotropes (3.2 +/- 0.2%). Using in situ hybridization combined with immunohistochemistry, a high expression of apelin receptor mRNA was also found in corticotrophs, suggesting a local interaction between apelin and ACTH. In an ex vivo perifusion system of anterior pituitaries, apelin 17 (K17F, 10(-6) M) significantly increased basal ACTH release by 41%, whereas apelin 10 (R10F, 10(-6) M), an inactive apelin fragment, was ineffective. In addition, K17F but not R10F induced a dose-dependent increase in K(+)-evoked ACTH release, with maximal increase being observed for a 10(-6) M concentration. Taken together, these data outline the potential role of apelin as an autocrine/paracrine-acting peptide on ACTH release and provide morphological and neuroendocrine basis for further studies that explore the physiological role of apelin in the regulation of anterior pituitary functions.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00422910
Contributor : Catherine Llorens Cortes <>
Submitted on : Thursday, October 8, 2009 - 3:19:18 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 23, 2020 - 4:33:34 AM

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Annabelle Reaux-Le Goazigo, Rodrigo Alvear-Perez, Philippe Zizzari, Jacques Epelbaum, Marie-Thérèse Bluet-Pajot, et al.. Cellular localization of apelin and its receptor in the anterior pituitary: evidence for a direct stimulatory action of apelin on ACTH release.. AJP - Endocrinology and Metabolism, American Physiological Society, 2007, 292 (1), pp.E7-15. ⟨10.1152/ajpendo.00521.2005⟩. ⟨inserm-00422910⟩

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