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Journal Articles Medical Decision Making Year : 2009

Eliciting Population Preferences for Mass Colorectal Cancer Screening Organization.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The implementation of mass colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is a public health priority. Population participation is fundamental for the success of CRC screening as for any cancer screening program. The preferences of the population may influence their likelihood of participation. OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to elicit population preferences for CRC screening test characteristics to improve the design of CRC screening campaigns. METHODS: A discrete choice experiment was used. Questionnaires were compiled with a set of pairs of hypothetical CRC screening scenarios. The survey was conducted by mail from June 2006 to October 2006 on a representative sample of 2000 inhabitants, aged 50 to 74 years from the northwest of France, who were randomly selected from electoral lists. Questionnaires were sent to 2000 individuals, each of whom made 3 or 4 discrete choices between hypothetical tests that differed in 7 attributes: how screening is offered, process, sensitivity, rate of unnecessary colonoscopy, expected mortality reduction, method of screening test result transmission, and cost. RESULTS: Complete responses were received from 656 individuals (32.8%). The attributes that influenced population preferences included expected mortality reduction, sensitivity, cost, and process. Participants from high social classes were particularly influenced by sensitivity. CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate that the discrete choice experiment provides information on patient preferences for CRC screening: improving screening program effectiveness, for instance, by improving test sensitivity (the most valued attribute) would increase satisfaction among the general population with regard to CRC screening programs. Additional studies are required to study how patient preferences actually affect adherence to regular screening programs.
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inserm-00421606 , version 1 (08-10-2009)

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Maximilien Nayaradou, Célia Berchi, Olivier Dejardin, Guy Launoy. Eliciting Population Preferences for Mass Colorectal Cancer Screening Organization.. Medical Decision Making, 2009, 30 (2), pp.224-33. ⟨10.1177/0272989X09342747⟩. ⟨inserm-00421606⟩
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