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Extracellular matrix proteins protect human HT1080 cells against the antimigratory effect of doxorubicin.

Abstract : In solid tumors, the cell microenvironment appears to be a key determinant in the emergence of drug resistance, a major obstacle to the successful use of antitumor drugs. Our aim was to determine whether type I collagen and fibronectin, proteins of the extracellular matrix, were able to influence the antimigratory properties induced by the antitumor drug doxorubicin. These properties were investigated at doxorubicin concentrations of 10 and 20 nM, which do not affect cell proliferation on a 24 h drug exposure. Using videomicroscopy, we found that these subtoxic doses of doxorubicin were sufficient to inhibit individual tumor cell motion on two-dimensional plastic surfaces. Such a drug treatment induced a dramatic disturbance of actin stress fiber formation and of vinculin distribution in 80% of cells. In contrast, on extracellular matrix proteins, cell speed was unaffected by drug and perturbation of both actin network and vinculin distribution was detected in only 50% of cells, suggesting a protective effect of the microenvironment. In addition, the phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase and GTPase RhoA was less affected by doxorubicin with cells cultured on extracellular matrix proteins. In conclusion, our findings indicate that the cell microenvironment prevents drug-dependent inhibition of cell migration in vitro. They reveal cell locomotion as a key factor of microenvironment-mediated drug resistance. This new concept needs to be exploited in in vitro models to optimize the screening of new antimigratory drugs.
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Contributor : Jean-Marie Zahm <>
Submitted on : Friday, September 11, 2009 - 1:48:11 PM
Last modification on : Monday, April 19, 2021 - 8:51:05 AM




Nicolas Fourre, Emilie Millerot-Serrurot, Roselyne Garnotel, Jean-Marie Zahm, Noël Bonnet, et al.. Extracellular matrix proteins protect human HT1080 cells against the antimigratory effect of doxorubicin.. Cancer Science, Wiley Open Access, 2008, 99 (8), pp.1699-705. ⟨10.1111/j.1349-7006.2008.00876.x⟩. ⟨inserm-00415878⟩



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