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Quantification of the volumetric benefit of image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) in prostate cancer: margins and presence probability map

Abstract : PURPOSE: To quantify the prostate and seminal vesicles (SV) anatomic variations in order to choose appropriate margins including intrapelvic anatomic variations. To quantify volumetric benefit of image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty patients, receiving a total dose of 70 Gy in the prostate, had a planning CT scan and eight weekly CT scans during treatment. Prostate and SV were manually contoured. Each weekly CT scan was registered to the planning CT scan according to three modalities: radiopaque skin marks, pelvis bone or prostate. For each patient, prostate and SV displacements were quantified. 3D maps of prostate and SV presence probability were established. Volumes including minimal presence probabilities were compared between the three modalities of registration. RESULTS: For the prostate intrapelvic displacements, systematic and random variations and maximal displacements for the entire population were: 5mm, 2.7 mm and 16.5mm in anteroposterior axis; 2.7 mm, 2.4mm and 11.4mm in superoinferior axis and 0.5mm, 0.8mm and 3.3mm laterally. Margins according to van Herk recipe (to cover the prostate for 90% of the patients with the 95% isodose) were: 8mm, 8.3mm and 1.9 mm, respectively. The 100% prostate presence probability volumes correspond to 37%, 50% and 61% according to the registration modality. For the SV, these volumes correspond to 8%, 14% and 18% of the SV volume. CONCLUSIONS: Without IGRT, 5mm prostate posterior margins are insufficient and should be at least 8mm, to account for intrapelvic anatomic variations. Prostate registration almost doubles the 100% presence probability volume compared to skin registration. Deformation of SV will require either to increase dramatically margins (simple) or new planning (not realistic).
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 24, 2009 - 10:07:22 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 14, 2022 - 10:20:04 AM
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Guillaume Cazoulat, Renaud de Crevoisier, Antoine Simon, Guillaume Louvel, Jean-Pierre Manens, et al.. Quantification of the volumetric benefit of image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) in prostate cancer: margins and presence probability map. Cancer/Radiothérapie, Elsevier Masson, 2009, 13 (5), pp.365-74. ⟨10.1016/j.canrad.2009.06.002⟩. ⟨inserm-00411411⟩



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