Technical and functional results after laparoscopic rectopexy to the promontory for complete rectal prolapse. Prospective study in 54 consecutive patients.

Abstract : INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic rectopexy for complete rectal prolapse offers short-term advantages compared with operations performed by laparotomy. The aim of this prospective study was to report technical and functional outcome after laparoscopic rectopexy to the promontory in consecutive patients operated on by a single surgeon. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From May 1996 to July 2004, 54 consecutive patients (47 women), median age 53 years (range: 16-84 years), underwent laparoscopic rectopexy to the promontory for complete rectal prolapse. Preoperative evaluation included physical examination, dynamic videoproctography and, in patients with constipation, colonic transit time (with radiopaque markers). Postoperative evaluation included the same examinations and a simple global quality-of-life questionnaire. RESULTS: Conversion to laparotomy was required for three patients during the learning curve. Median duration of operation was 157 minutes (range: 50-370). There was no mortality and morbidity was 5.5% (brachial plexus palsy in two patients and urinary tract infection in one). Median hospital stay was 3.5 days (range: 1-11). There were 4 recurrences (7.4%). Functional outcome at 12 months showed the presence of constipation in 20.3% of patients (persistence in eight and de novo in three) and the presence of outlet obstruction in 25.9% of patients (persistence in six and de novo in eight). Anal continence improved in 72.4% of the 29 patients who complained of this symptom. The global quality-of-life questionnaire showed a satisfactory result in 96% of patients. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic rectopexy to the promontory is a safe and efficient procedure to treat complete rectal prolapse; morbidity is low. Functional outcome is at least equivalent to that obtained with open procedures in terms of continence, constipation and outlet obstruction.
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Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique / Research and Clinics in Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Elsevier Masson, 2006, 30 (5), pp.659-63
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  • PUBMED : 16801887

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Thomas Auguste, Alain Dubreuil, Richard Bost, Bruno Bonaz, Jean-Luc Faucheron. Technical and functional results after laparoscopic rectopexy to the promontory for complete rectal prolapse. Prospective study in 54 consecutive patients.. Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique / Research and Clinics in Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Elsevier Masson, 2006, 30 (5), pp.659-63. 〈inserm-00410541〉

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