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Cardiomyocyte overexpression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase delays transition toward heart failure in response to pressure overload by preserving calcium cycling.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Defects in cardiomyocyte Ca(2+) cycling are a signature feature of heart failure (HF) that occurs in response to sustained hemodynamic overload, and they largely account for contractile dysfunction. Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS1) influences myocyte excitation-contraction coupling through modulation of Ca(2+) cycling, but the potential relevance of this in HF is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We generated a transgenic mouse with conditional, cardiomyocyte-specific NOS1 overexpression (double-transgenic [DT]) and studied cardiac remodeling, myocardial Ca(2+) handling, and contractility in DT and control mice subjected to transverse aortic constriction (TAC). After TAC, control mice developed eccentric hypertrophy with evolution toward HF as revealed by a significantly reduced fractional shortening. In contrast, DT mice developed a greater increase in wall thickness (P<0.0001 versus control+TAC) and less left ventricular dilatation than control+TAC mice (P<0.0001 for both end-systolic and end-diastolic dimensions). Thus, DT mice displayed concentric hypertrophy with fully preserved fractional shortening (43.7+/-0.6% versus 30.3+/-2.6% in control+TAC mice, P<0.05). Isolated cardiomyocytes from DT+TAC mice had greater shortening, intracellular Ca(2+) transients, and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) load (P<0.05 versus control+TAC for all parameters). These effects could be explained, at least in part, through modulation of phospholamban phosphorylation status. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiomyocyte NOS1 may be a useful target against cardiac deterioration during chronic pressure-overload-induced HF through modulation of calcium cycling.
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Xavier Loyer, Ana Maria Gómez, Paul Milliez, Maria Fernandez-Velasco, Peter Vangheluwe, et al.. Cardiomyocyte overexpression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase delays transition toward heart failure in response to pressure overload by preserving calcium cycling.. Circulation, American Heart Association, 2008, 117 (25), pp.3187-98. ⟨10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.741702⟩. ⟨inserm-00410306⟩

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