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Evidence for an important role of CIDEA in human cancer cachexia.

Abstract : Loss of fat mass in cancer cachexia is linked to increased adipocyte lipolysis; however, the fate of the excess fatty acids (FA) generated by lipolysis is not known. We investigated if the adipocyte-specific gene cell death-inducing DNA fragmentation factor-alpha-like effector A (CIDEA) could be involved. CIDEA mRNA expression was assessed in s.c. white adipose tissue from 23 cancer cachexia patients, 17 weight-stable cancer patients, and 8 noncancer patients. CIDEA was also overexpressed in adipocytes in vitro. CIDEA expression was increased in cancer cachexia (P < 0.05) and correlated with elevated levels of FAs and reported weight loss (P < 0.001). CIDEA overexpression in vitro increased FA oxidation 2- to 4-fold (P < 0.01), decreased glucose oxidation by 40% (P < 0.01), increased the expression of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK) 1 and PDK4 (P < 0.01), and enhanced the phosphorylation (inactivation) of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC). Inactivation of PDC facilitates FA oxidation by favoring the metabolism of FAs over glucose to acetyl-CoA. In accordance with the in vitro data, PDK1 and PDK4 expression correlated strongly with CIDEA expression in white adipose tissue (P < 0.001). We conclude that CIDEA is involved in adipose tissue loss in cancer cachexia and this may, at least in part, be due to its ability to inactivate PDC, thereby switching substrate oxidation in human fat cells from glucose to FAs.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00409166
Contributor : Marie Francoise Simon <>
Submitted on : Thursday, August 6, 2009 - 11:18:39 AM
Last modification on : Friday, January 10, 2020 - 9:09:41 PM

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Jurga Laurencikiene, Britta M Stenson, Elisabet Arvidsson Nordström, Thorhallur Agustsson, Dominique Langin, et al.. Evidence for an important role of CIDEA in human cancer cachexia.. Cancer Research, American Association for Cancer Research, 2008, 68 (22), pp.9247-54. ⟨10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-08-1343⟩. ⟨inserm-00409166⟩

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