A cooperative framework for segmentation of MRI brain scans. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Artificial Intelligence in Medicine Year : 2000

A cooperative framework for segmentation of MRI brain scans.

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Laurence Germond
  • Function : Author
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Catherine Garbay
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  • PersonId : 829627
SIC

Abstract

Automatic segmentation of MRI brain scans is a complex task for two main reasons: the large variability of the human brain anatomy, which limits the use of general knowledge and, inherent to MRI acquisition, the artifacts present in the images that are difficult to process. To tackle these difficulties, we propose to mix, in a cooperative framework, several types of information and knowledge provided and used by complementary individual systems: presently, a multi-agent system, a deformable model and an edge detector. The outcome is a cooperative segmentation performed by a set of region and edge agents constrained automatically and dynamically by both, the specific gray levels in the considered image, statistical models of the brain structures and general knowledge about MRI brain scans. Interactions between the individual systems follow three modes of cooperation: integrative, augmentative and confrontational cooperation, combined during the three steps of the segmentation process namely, the specialization of the seeded-region-growing agents, the fusion of heterogeneous information and the retroaction over slices. The described cooperative framework allows the dynamic adaptation of the segmentation process to the own characteristics of each MRI brain scan. Its evaluation using realistic brain phantoms is reported.
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Dates and versions

inserm-00402412 , version 1 (08-07-2009)

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  • HAL Id : inserm-00402412 , version 1
  • PUBMED : 11185422

Cite

Laurence Germond, Michel Dojat, Chris Taylor, Catherine Garbay. A cooperative framework for segmentation of MRI brain scans.. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, 2000, 20 (1), pp.77-93. ⟨inserm-00402412⟩
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