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Interleukin-6, TNF-alpha and interleukin-1 beta levels in blood and tissue in severely burned rats.

Abstract : Previous studies have demonstrated the early appearance of inflammatory cytokines in the systemic circulation after thermal injury both in humans and animals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the time course of several cytokines, IL-6, TNF-alpha and IL-1beta in serum, lung, liver and brain of severely burned rats during the first week after thermal injury. Cytokine measurements were performed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The comparison between the sham-burned animals and animals with third-degree burns on 20% or 40% of their total body surface area allowed for the study of the inflammatory process relative to the size of the injury. Serum IL-6 levels, which were undetectable in sham-treated animals, peaked during the first hours after injury and were proportionate to the size of the area burned. After a few days, IL-6 increased once more, but only in the most severely burned rats. In lung, liver and brain, low but measurable basal levels of TNF-alpha and IL-1 were detected in sham-burned animals. Strikingly, IL-1beta levels remained significantly elevated in the lung after injury in animals having 20% and 40% burned skin area. Unexpectedly, both TNF-alpha and IL-1beta production decreased gradually in liver and brain after burn injury. Also, the inflammatory response after a burn injury appeared to be biphasic. The first period corresponded to the early release of IL-6 into the circulation, proportional to the severity of the injury. After a few days, a second period was marked by the extension of the inflammatory processes from the injured area to the rest of the body, particularly to lung, which could be considered as at potential risk of involvement in severely burned patients.
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Contributor : Sarah Hamant Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, June 8, 2009 - 10:54:46 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 19, 2020 - 3:52:36 PM





Diane Agay, Maud Andriollo-Sanchez, Richard Claeyssen, Laurence Touvard, Josiane Denis, et al.. Interleukin-6, TNF-alpha and interleukin-1 beta levels in blood and tissue in severely burned rats.. European Cytokine Network, John Libbey Eurotext, 2008, 19 (1), pp.1-7. ⟨10.1684/ecn.2008.0113⟩. ⟨inserm-00392467⟩



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