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TLR2 engagement on CD8 T cells enables generation of functional memory cells in response to a suboptimal TCR signal.

Abstract : TLR are involved in the detection of microbial infection as well as endogenous ligands that signal tissue and cell damage in mammals. This recognition plays an essential role in innate immune response and the initiation of adaptive immune response. We have previously shown that murine CD8 T cells express TLR2, and that costimulation of Ag-activated CD8 T cells with TLR2 ligands enhances their proliferation, survival, and effector functions. We also demonstrated that TLR2 engagement on CD8 T cells significantly reduces their need for costimulatory signals delivered by APC. We show in this study that TLR2 engagement on CD8 T cells lowers the Ag concentration required for optimal activation, and converts a partial activation into a productive process leading to a significant expansion of cells. Using altered peptide ligands, we demonstrate that TLR2 engagement increases CD8 T cell activation and enables the generation of functional memory cells in response to a low TCR signal. This increased activation is associated with an augmented activation of the PI3K. Taken together, our results demonstrate that TLR2 engagement on CD8 T cells lowers their activation threshold for TCR signal strength and enables efficient memory cell generation in response to a weak TCR signal.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00392007
Contributor : Alexandra Fargeot <>
Submitted on : Friday, June 5, 2009 - 12:12:36 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 21, 2019 - 2:12:01 AM

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Blandine Mercier, Anne Cottalorda, Charles-Antoine Coupet, Jacqueline Marvel, Nathalie Bonnefoy-Bérard. TLR2 engagement on CD8 T cells enables generation of functional memory cells in response to a suboptimal TCR signal.. Journal of Immunology, Publisher : Baltimore : Williams & Wilkins, c1950-. Latest Publisher : Bethesda, MD : American Association of Immunologists, 2009, 182 (4), pp.1860-7. ⟨10.4049/jimmunol.0801167⟩. ⟨inserm-00392007⟩

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